Dillicarey Knowe DBG R NO284159 1 175m
Tullochcarewhills 1642 Gordon MS Fife [not on Blaeu (Gordon) Fife]
Doulie-cairy Knoll 1790s OSA, 658 (Monimail) [see discussion, below]
Dillicarey 1820 Zetland Estate Plans no. 10 (Denbog Farm) [name of long, thin strip of land running south-east from Dillicarey knoll]
Dellicary Know 1828 SGF [hill in DBG north-east of Whitefield ABE]
Dillicarey Knowe 1980 McCraw 1980, 5 [see discussion, below]
en Dillicarey + Sc knowe
From the earliest form it is clear that the first element of Dillicarey is G tulach ‘mound, hillock’. While Gordon MS Fife applies the name Tullochcarewhills to the whole range of hills separating MML from DBG, including OS Pathf. Dunbog Hill and stretching as far east as Cunnoquhie MML, the eponymous tulach is more likely to be the feature which later became known as Dillicarey Knowe. The second element may derive from G *cair ‘fort’, or be an existing name containing the Pictish equivalent. Either way this suggests an otherwise unrecorded fortification on Dillicarey Knowe.
By the eighteenth century Tulochcarew had been completely re-analysed as containing Sc dool ‘grief, distress’ (CSD) and Sc and SSE care. This in turn gave rise to the story recorded by Rev. Samuel Martin, minister of Monimail, in the 1790s: ‘Tradition says there was a dreadful battle, fought on the N.W. boundary of the parish, between the Scots and the Danes. A hillock, called Doulie-cairy Knoll, is said to have received its name from the battle (sorrow and care)’ (OSA, 658). The form Dillicarey Knowe is from William McCraw (1980, 5): ‘There was the track from Perth and Newburgh to St Andrews, a track which climbs the hill from Lindores Loch by Dillicarey Knowe and then descends to Monimail ...’ This description accords exactly with the site as shown on SGF (1828).
Up until the early 1990s there was on the summit of Dillicarey Knowe a small roofless building like a summer house, already marked on OS 6 inch 1st edn (1855) as ‘Ruin’. It commanded extensive views on almost all sides. By 1994, however, it had been reduced to rubble. See also Whitefield ABE, above.
This place-name appeared in printed volume 4