Balmeadie DBG S NO297180 1 362 70m
Balemadethin 1165 x 1171 RRS ii no. 14 [o.c.; to Orm son of Hugh, son of Gillemícheil earl of Fife, with Glenduckie FLK; endorsed Balmady in 16th-c. hand; endorsed Bellemadthine in 17th c.]
Balmadid 1249 Arb. Lib. i no. 236 [one of touns (villarum) of Dunbog, q.v.]
Balmadyside 1390 x 1392 RMS i no. 854 [see Balmeadowside CRC]
(lands of) Balmadisid 1416 Fraser, Southesk, 507 [see Balmeadowside CRC]
Balmade 1486 Arb. Lib. ii no. 300 [see Dunbog]
Balmaddy 1530 RMS iii no. 898 [see Johnston DBG]
Balmedy 1590 x 1599 Pont MS 54B
Balmaddie 1603 RMS vi no. 1492
terris de Balmedie 1648 Retours (Fife) no. 747 [David Carmichael of Balmeadie in lands of Balmeadie in lordship and regality of Abernethy]
Balmedey 1654 Blaeu (Pont) East Fife
Balmaddy 1654 Blaeu (Gordon) Fife
Balmedie 1775 Ainslie/Fife
Balmeadow 1828 SGF
Balmeadow 1855 OS 6 inch 1st edn
G baile + pn Matadín or Matadán
‘Matadín’s or Matadán’s farm’. Formally it could also derive from pn Matad followed by the locational suffix –in, meaning something like ‘place of Matad’s farm’. The personal name derives from OG matad ‘dog, cur’, G madadh ‘dog, mastiff; fox, wolf’, and occurs both in its basic form (gen. sing. Mataid) and with a diminutive ending: the earl or mormaer of Atholl, who died c.1152, is called simply Matad (witnessing various charters of David I as Madeth and Madad, e.g. David I Chrs. nos. 33, 44, 121). However, the name is much more common with a diminutive ending (see Jackson 1972, 66–7).
A man named Madethín mac Mathusalem (the Old Testament name Methusalah) witnesses three charters of Earl Duncan II of Fife c.1165 × 1172 (St A. Lib. 242–4). Balmeadie is first mentioned around this time, when Orm son of Hugh, grandson of Gillemícheil earl of Fife, receives it, along with nearby Glenduckie FLK, from Duncan earl of Fife in exchange for Balbirnie MAI (RRS ii no. 14). Given the close association of the earl of Fife both with Matadín or Matadán, and with the lands of Balmeadie, it is quite possible (though not provable) that Balmeadie was named after this son of Methusalah. If so, it would mean that this baile-name was formed around the middle of the twelfth century. It is even possible that in the royal charter of the late 1160s (RRS ii no. 14) we are seeing its first ‘official’ use as a name.
Balmeadie was one of the three estates comprising DBG in the mid thirteenth century (see DBG Intro.).
OS Pathf. also shows Balmeadow Hill and Balmeadow Wood DBG, and Balmeadowside in neighbouring CRC (q.v.), all of which contain the name Balmeadie. Balmeadowside first appears as a settlement in 1390 (q.v.).
/bal'midɪ/ or /bəl'midɪ/
This place-name appeared in printed volume 4