Gladney

Gladney CUP TVX O 1 85m SEF

    Gledyny c.1280 Barrow 1974 no. 8 [see CUP, TVX Intro., Tenurial History]
    terra de Glediny c.1280 Barrow 1974 no. 8 [reddendo (rent), 15 s. to the lord bishop of St Andrews]
    Gledeney c.1290 Barrow 1974 no. 11 [see discussion below][150]
    Gledny 1452 APS ii, 73 [St Andrews Church land; see also RMS ii no. 1444]
    Gledny 1452 x 1480 RMS ii no. 1444 [St Andrews Church land]
    Gladni 1593 RMS v no. 2273 col. 4 [St Andrews Church land]
    terris de Glaidny 1614 Retours (Fife) no. 230 [Elizabeth Turnbull]
    Petrus Clark de Glaidnie 1649 Retours (Fife) no. 777 [Peter Clark of Gladney in lands of Gladney (Glaidnie), in regality of St Andrews]
    Gladdney 1654 Lamont’s Diary 82 [‘Gladney near Ceres’ (nire Cires), bought by Thomas Glover, collector for the English of the sesse [151] of Fife]
    Gladny 1654 Blaeu (Gordon) Fife
    Thomas Glouer of Gladney 1662 Lamont’s Diary 155
    lands of Gladney 1664 Lamont’s Diary 173 [Patrick Wemyss bought the lands of Gladney from Thomas Glover; ‘it was estimat to seven chalder of victwall, and it stood him about fowrteine thowsand merks’]
    Patrick Wemys of Gladney 1667 Lamont’s Diary 202 [died there]
?   Claydon 1775 Ainslie/Fife [shown in CUP]
    Glaidney Cotton 1856 OS 6 inch 1st edn
    Gladney Farm 2004 OS 1:10,000

This is a difficult name. The first element gled may be Sc gled ‘kite, buzzard, hawk’. The second element, which originally consisted of two syllables, spelled variously as –yny, –iny and –eney, later reduced to –ny or –ni(e), is unclear. As regards the first element, the following may be relevant. In 1290 or 1291 Robert of Wilton issued a charter to John, son and heir of Thomas Wallace, consolidating and extending the Wallaces’ stake in Tarvit. By this charter Robert grants to John ‘all my part of my land of Gladney with all pertinents, etc., to be held in fee and heritage by John and his heirs of Robert and his heirs. Furthermore he releases John from all the homage, service and rent which he and his father, Thomas, used to pay for Nether Tarvit (Taruetadan’) and *Westfield (Westfeld), as well as releasing John from ‘all the service which was due to me and my heirs from Hilltarvit (Taruetanard’) with pertinents’. And finally Robert’s charter releases John from ‘all the homage, service and rent with pertinents which were due to me from the tenement/land-holding of Balass CUP. The annual reddendo to Robert of Wilton and his heirs (in token of de Wilton’s feudal superiority) is one merlin (unum meruelun’), a small bird of prey used for falconry, or one penny, to be paid by John Wallace at the feast of the Blessed Mary Magdalene (22 July) (Barrow 1974 no. 11; full details of this charter can be found in CUP, TVX Intro., Tenurial History, above). G. W. S. Barrow, in his excellent discussion of the complex tenurial relationships within Tarvit, asks parenthetically in relation to this unusual avian rent: ‘a play on the word gled, a kite?’ (1974, 39), a word sometimes also used of other hawks. The answer to this question is ‘probably’, but if so, other toponymic questions remain. Was the choice of rent simply a punning reference to one of the properties involved, Gladney, which happened to contain, or was by this time perceived to contain, a Sc word for a bird of prey? Or was there a more substantial relationship between the place-name and the rent: did Gladney perhaps specialise in the rearing of birds of prey for falconry, a fact reflected both in the name and in the rent?

    The reddendo for Gladney in an earlier charter of c.1280 (Barrow 1974 no. 8) was fifteen shillings to be paid to the bishop of St Andrews, forinsec service to the king (which service is not described) and suit at the bishop’s court ‘for his part of the land of Gladney’ (pro parte sua terre de Gledyny). This indicates that the bishop held Gladney of the king, and that Walter de Percehay (the grantor) held it of the bishop, directly or indirectly, and granted it to Thomas Wallace with these burdens.

    The modern settlement of Gladney Farm CUP supplies the above NGR, but OS 6 inch 1st edn (1855) shows no building on this site. It does, however, show Glaidney Cotton at NO392119, north of the Latch Burn, and north of the village, also in CUP, called Gladney (OS 1:10,000).

    Barrow (1974, 35) writes of Gladney that it was ‘formerly in Tarvit, now in Ceres’ (for ‘Ceres’ read ‘Cupar’). The above NGR is for Gladney Farm, shown on OS 1:10,000 (2007), to the north of the Latch Burn and therefore in CUP. This map also shows Gladney as the name of a street (at the site of 1856 Glaidney Cotton), east of the farm, and also north of the Latch Burn.

    Usually now /ˈgladnɪ/, but also /ˈglednɪ/,[152] which is probably the older pronunciation, as shown by the earliest forms above, suggesting that the commoner modern pronunciation is the result of hypercorrection.

This place-name appeared in printed volume 4