Naughton

Naughton BMO FGN S NO373247 1 70m

    Hyhatnachten Machehirb, que tellus nunc dicitur Hadhnachten 1140 x 1152 W1 §5 [early 14th c. copy of a 12th c. text; ‘Hyhatnachten Machehirb, which land is now called Naughton’; see PNF 3, App. 1]
    Hyhatnachten que tellus nunc dicitur Had<n>auchten 1140 x 1152 W2 §5 [early 14th c. copy; see PNF 3 App. 1]
    in Adnectan 1159 x 1164 RRS i no. 228 [see Melcrether # FGN]
    Adnacht’ 1165 x 1169 RRS ii no. 28 [o.c.; see Melcrether # FGN]
    Adnacthen 1165 x 1169 St A. Lib. 142 [see Melcrether # FGN]
    (grange of) Adanachtin 1187 St A. Lib. 64 [Pope Gregory VIII confirms gift to St Andrews Priory made by Bp R.]
    fundi mei de Adenacthen 1199 x 1202 St A. Lib. 260 [Alan de Lascelles grants to St Andrews Priory the mother-church ‘of my estate of Naughton’; see Forgan]
    capella de Adhenacthen 1199 x 1202 St A. Lib. 260 [see Forgan]
    in parochia de Adhenauthen 1200 x 1225 St A. Lib. 274 (2) [Alan de Lascelles son of Walter de Lascelles gives to St Andrews Priory 2 acres of arable from his land ‘in the parish of Naughton’; see FGN Intro., Medieval Forgan]
    (territory of) Adnachtan 1200 x 1225 C. A. Rent. i, 342 [17th c. copy; see The Gauldry BMO]
    (mother church of) Athnathan 1202 x 1204 St A. Lib. 106–7 [Bp William of St Andrews confirms Alan de Lascelles’s grant]
    (mother church of) Athenachten 1202 x 1204 St A. Lib. 154–5
    (grange of) Adanauthin 1206 St A. Lib. 73 [papal confirmation]
    (chapel of) Authnathan 1209 x 1209 x 1212 St A. Lib. 107 [with church of Forgan]
    Athenacuthen 1228 St A. Lib. 233 [sic; editorial error? see Melcrether # FGN]
    ecclesiam de Athnathan 1238 x 1240 St A. Lib. 107–8 [no mention of Forgan]
    Johanne de Haya domino de Athnauthan c.1250 Balm. Lib. no. 50 [w.]
    Athnathtan 1244 x 1266 St A. Lib. 108 [rubric]
    matricem ecclesiam de Adnauthan 1244 x 1266 St A. Lib. 108 [Peter de Hay [90] and Margery de Lascelles confirm the grant of Alan de Lascelles son of Alan de Lascelles of ‘the mother church of Naughton, that is of Forgan in Fife, with the chapel of Naughton lying beside that church, with a carrucate <of land> belonging to that church’ (scilicet de Forgrund in Fyif cum capella de Atnauthan ipsi ecclesie adiacente, cum carrucata <terre> eidem ecclesie pertinente)]
    capella de Atnauthan 1244 x 1266 St A. Lib. 108 [see preceding]
    (grange of) Adnachtin 1246 St A. Lib. 93 [confirmed Pope Innocent IV]
    Ale <andro> tunc constabulario de Adenauctan 1260 St A. Lib. 341 [‘Alexander, then constable of Naughton’, w.]
    Herui de Adnauchtan’ 1260 St A. Lib. 347 [w.]
    matricem ecclesiam de Adnauthan 1266 St A. Lib. 109 [wording as in ibid. 108, with pertinente for adjacente and adiacente for pertinente!]
    capella de Adnauthan 1266 St A. Lib. 109 [see preceding]
    capella sua de Adnauthan 1267 St A. Lib. 310–11 [Bp Gamelin grants to St Andrews Priory the church of Forgan in Fife ‘with its chapel of Naughton’, with a carucate of land ‘lying beside’ (adiacente) the same church, for the fabric of the church of St Andrews, on the resignation or decease of Master Hugh of Stirling, ‘rector of that church’ (eiusdem ecclesie rectore)]
    matricem ecclesiam de Adnauthan 1268 St A. Lib. 109–10 [wording as in ibid. 108, with pertinente for adjacente and adiacente for pertinente]
    capella sua de Adnauthan’ 1269 St A. Lib. 174 [church of Forgan in Fife with its chapel of Naughton and the carucate of land belonging to said church and the teinds of church and chapel; Master Hugh still rector]
    J<ohannes> de Hayia de Athnath’tan 1306 Dunf. Reg. no. 590 [at the perambulation of Melgum NBN (PNF 2)]
    (John Hay lord of) Athnauthan 1328 x 1332 Balm. Lib. no. 51
    (barony of) Nauhame 1390 x 1406 RMS i app.2 no. 1705 [17th c. index; Murray of Culbin; barony of Naughton, lordship of Newton FGN, q.v.]
    baronia de Auchnachtane 1422 Fraser, Grant iii no. 23 [see Wormit FGN]
    (William Hay, lord of) Auchnachtane 1422 Fraser, Grant iii no. 23
    (half the barony of) Nachtane 1440 RMS ii no. 238 [see Sea Mills FGN]
    David Hay de Nachtane 1455 ER vi, 17
    David Hay de Nauchtane 1459 ER vi, 489
    (barony of) Nauchtan 1472 Fraser, Grant iii no. 37 [see Wormit FGN]
    (half the barony of) Nachtane 1479 RMS ii no. 1502 [see Scotscraig FGN and Seamills FGN]
    (half the barony of) Nachtane 1480 RMS ii no. 1508
    (half the barony of) Nauchtane 1483 RMS ii no. 1581 [see Seamills FGN]
    Nachtene 1513 RMS ii no. 3828
    (barony of) Nachtane 1516 Fife Ct. Bk. 43
    (half the barony of) Nauchtane 1517 RMS iii no. 177
    (the barony of) Nachtane 1517 RMS iii no. 177
    (barony of) Nachtoun 1517 Campbell 1899, 622
    baroniam de Nauchtane 1529 RMS iii no. 848 [Janet Hay, lady of Naughton, and Peter Crichton (Creichtoun) of Naughton, knight, lord of Wormit FGN, her spouse, sold to David Crichton (Creichtone) barony of Naughton, tower, fortalice etc and lands of Gauldry BMO, St Fort FGN, Inverdovat FGN, Byrehills # FGN, with their fishing in the water of Tay, ‘the fishing of *Braid Heuch[91] (piscariam de Braidhuych) in the said water, Cauldhame FGN alias Sheirsland # FGN, Seggie (Sagy)][92]
    Nauchtane c.1560 s Assumption, 14 [in FGN; ‘with pendicles’ (cum sequelis) [93] leased for £20 money]
    (barony of) Nauchtan 1563 Laing Chrs. no. 763
    baronia de Nauchtane 1601 RMS vi no. 1217 [see discussion, below]
    Nawchtane 1649 RMS ix no. 2076
    Lord of Naughtin 1649 Lamont’s Diary 10
    Nawghtin in Fyfe 1650 Lamont’s Diary 16 [‘the mariage feast stood att’] Nachton 1654 Blaeu (Gordon) Fife [not on Blaeu (Pont) East Fife]
    the Nawghton 1668 Lamont’s Diary 206 [Margaret Sword fell down a stair at]
    Naughton 1775 Ainslie/Fife
    Naughton House 1855 OS 6 inch 1st edn [also Naughton Castle Antiquity]

G àth + pn Nechtan

‘Nechtan’s ford’. Naughton was obviously an early and important territorial name. The question arises as to the identity both of the eponymous ford and the eponymous Nechtan. The ford is probably where the old road from Leuchars to the ferry over the Tay at Woodhaven crosses the burn and low boggy ground between Swan Loch and the Motray; around NO425245. It may also have been a ford over the Motray Water north-west of North Straiton, where three parishes meet (KLM, FGN and LOG), around NO416241. Wherever the ford was it was probably the one known later as Sandford (the ground is especially sandy in this area, as witness the modern sand quarry at nearby Boulterhall FGN), and Sandford itself later developed, somewhat bizarrely, into St Fort FGN, spawning a spurious local saint. For an identical parallel, see St Ford ELI (PNF 3).

    As to who Nechtan (Pictish Naitan or Naiton) might be, the fragmentary evidence points to the Pictish king Naiton (G Nechtan) son of Erp or Irb, reputed founder and major benefactor of the church of Abernethy c.600 AD (see Anderson 1980, 247 etc.). In the longer St Andrews Foundation Account (FAB), compiled in the twelfth century, but using much older materials,[94] Naughton appears as Hyhatnachten Machehirb (àth Nechtain meic Eirp/Irb) ‘ford of Nechtan son of Irb’, showing that locally this identification was being made at an early date. As Naughton is the first territory along the Tay east of Abernethy which did not belong to Abernethy’s ancient ecclesiastical lordship, it is possible that this land could have retained the name of the king to indicate the land along the Tay which remained in royal hands after the endowment of Abernethy. In the above-mentioned FAB, Naughton formed the north-western boundary of the land which was allegedly given to the church at Kinrymonth by Hungus, probably in the eighth century (see PNF 3, App. 1 for full details).

    The barony of Naughton in the fifteenth and early sixteenth century included Scotscraig FPC and Baledmond #, Flass, Seamills #, St Fort and Wormit (all FGN). In 1601 the barony of Naughton was defined as follows: the lands of Brownhills (Brounillis), Gallowhill (Gallahill), the Gauldry (Galra), Scurr (Skuro vel Skur) and Kilburns (Kilburnis), with fortalice, manor and doocot of Naughton, ‘with the superiority of the lands of Seggie LEU and of a carucate of the lands of St Fort FGN called St Fort-Hay, belonging to John Hay’ (cum superioritate terrarum de Segy et carucate terrarum de Sandfurde nuncupat<e> Sandfurd-Hay ad Joannem Hay pertinen<tis>). The lands of Naughton were transferred from FGN to BMO in 1650 (see BMO Intro.).

    For the site of chapel of Naughton, see FGN Intro., Forgan and Naughton.

    The NGR given above is of Naughton Castle. The name appears on OS Pathf. 351 in Naughton Farm, Naughton House, Naughton Castle (antiquity) and Naughton Bank (in Tay). The location of the grange of Naughton, mentioned in several papal confirmation charters from 1187 to 1246 (see early forms, above) is unknown (Campbell 1899, 66–7). It is not to be confused with Grange (of Balmerino) BMO.

/ˈnɔ:tən/, locally /ˈnɔxtən/.

This place-name appeared in printed volume 4