Balmerino

Balmerino BMO PS NO357247 1 351 20m NWF

    Balmurinach c.1210 NLS Adv. MS 15.1.18 no. 46 [o.c.; 15 acres of land, lying west of road from Balmerino to Coultra BMO; see BMO Intro.]
    Balmurinach c.1210 St A. Lib. 271 [a copy of NLS Adv. MS 15.1.18 no. 46]
    Balmurynach 1215 x 1225 Balm. Lib. no. 3 [summarised RRS ii no. 573]
    Balmurinach in Fif 1225 Balm. Lib. no. 4 [Adam de Stawell, heir of Richard Revel, resigns the lands of Coultra and ofBalmerino in Fife’, with advowsen of church of Balmerino and land of Ardie BMO]
    (church of) Balmurinach 1225 Balm. Lib. no. 4 [see preceding entry]
    Balmurynach 1225 Balm. Lib. no. 5 [same day as Balm. Lib. no. 4: agreement between Ermengard and Adam de Stawell, whereby latter resigns all rights to lands of Coultra and Balmerino and Ardie in exchange for 1,000 merks]
    terra de Balmulinauch c.1225 St A. Lib. 271 [rubric]
    Adam de Stawell’ dominus de Balmulinach c.1225 St A. Lib. 271
    (Henry Revel my uncle lord of) Balmulinauch’ c.1225 St A. Lib. 272
    in territorio de Balmulinauch’ c.1225 St A. Lib. 272 [see BMO Intro.]
    (abbey of St Edward of) Balmorinac 1229 Chron. Melrose s.a. 1229 [foundation of abbey by Queen Ermengard the queen-mother and King Alexander II; sir Alan is sent there from Melrose as the first abbot with his community on the feast of St Lucy (13 December)]
    abbaciam ... apud Balmurynach in Fyff 1232 Balm. Lib. no. 1 [‘abbey … at Balmerino in Fife’; see BMO Intro., Coultra: Extent]
    Balmurynach 1232 Balm. Lib. no. 1 [see BMO Intro., Coultra: Extent]
    monasteri<um> Sancti Edwardi de Belm<ur>ynath’ 1234 x 1239 Arb. Lib. i no. 258 [= Balm. Lib. no. 9, q.v. following]
    Balmurynach 1234 x 1239 Balm. Lib. no. 9 [= Arb. Lib. i  no. 258]
    Balmurynach 1234 x 1241 Balm. Lib. no. 7 [see BMO Intro. Coultra: Extent]
    (church of B. Mary of) Belmerynacht 1254 x 1264 Fraser, Southesk ii no. 24
    medietate terrarum de Balmorinach 1268 Balm. Lib. no. 56 [see BMO Intro., Medieval Marches]
    (to the monks of) Balmorinach in Fyffe 1268 Balm. Lib. no. 56
    Balmurinauche 1290 Stevenson, Documents i, 129
    Balmurynach 1317 RRS v no. 115 [Robert I inspected charters Balmerino Abbey had from King Alexander (II) and confirmed monks and men dwelling on their lands to be free from all aids, hostings, tallages, tolls and other exactions]
    Balmorinach 1317 RRS v no. 119 [grant to Balmerino Abbey ‘all our fishing of the *Stock [66] on the north side of the water of Tay’ (totam piscariam nostram de le Stok super aquam de Taya in boriali parte)]
    Balmurinoch 1459 RMS ii no. 736
    apud Balmerenoch 1507 RMS ii no. 3081
    Dominus Robertus Foster abbas de Bawmwrynocht 1512 St A. Rec. 208
    Dominus Andreas Bowter monachus monasterii de Balmowrinyoucht 1527 St A. Rec. 224 [see also Boulterhall FGN, below]
    apud Balmorinach 1518 Fife Ct. Bk. 103
    apud Balmorynoch 1527 RMS iii no. 426
    baronia de Balmerynoch 1539 x 1542 RMS iii no. 2624
    Balmoryne 1547 Campbell 1899, 614 [the English Admiral Wyndham claims to have killed four Scots there and burned the abbey, along with certain adjoining villages and their corn]
    Balmerinoch 1561 RSS v no. 845
    Balmerynocht 1564 Assumption, 59
    Balmerynocht 1566 Assumption, 57
    (Henry commendator of) Balmerinoch 1574 Balm. Lib. App. no. IX
    infra baroniam nostram de Balmerinach 1574 Balm. Lib. App. no. IX
    Balmerinoch 1590 x 1599 Pont MS 54B
    silvam de Balmerinoch 1601 RMS vi no. 1267 [‘the wood of Balmerino’; see discussion below]
    Balmerinoch 1654 Blaeu (Pont) East Fife
    K of Balmerinoch 1654 Blaeu (Pont) East Fife [for Kirk]
    Balmerino [ ? ] 1654 Blaeu (Gordon) Fife
    Balmirrino 1668 Lamont’s Diary 206 [Margaret Sword buried there]
    Balmarinoe 1684 Adair/East Fife
    Balmerino 1855 OS 6 inch 1st edn [also Balmerino Mill, Balmerino Bank (mud-flats off-shore), Balmerino Abbey, Balmerino Church]

G baile + ? G muranach or ? G muir + ?

‘Farm where sea-bent or sea-grass grows’? This assumes that the second element is an adjective from G muran (OG muirín) ‘sea-bent, sea-grass’, cf MG muirnech ‘sea-grass’. However, it may be more generally to do with the sea, G muir (from which G muran derives), with various extensions, alluding to the coastal position of Balmerino.[67] For a discussion of this name in connection with the shadowy figure of Merinach, one of St Regulus’s companions in the longer St Andrews Foundation Account (FAB), see PNF 3, App. 1.

    Balmerino Wood (see entry for 1601 above) is described as lying between Corbieden on the west, the Pointack Burn (lie burne de Pointok) on the east, as it flows into the River Tay, and the old bank of the said wood on the south (RMS vi no. 1267).

    The above NGR is that of Balmerino Abbey, which probably served as the parish church for much of the later medieval period.

/ˌbalməˈrino/, formerly /bəlˈmernɪ/.[68] The Rev. James Campbell, in his magisterial book on Balmerino, writes (1899, 643) of the pronunciation: ‘Balmúrynach, now Balméri

This place-name appeared in printed volume 4