Rummond

Rummond SSL S NO473166 1 363 50m

Rodmanand 1140 St A. Lib. 122 [Bp Robert to St Andrews Priory]
Rodmanan 1160 St A. Lib. 206 [= RRS i no. 174]
Rochmanand 1160 x 1162 St A. Lib. 131 [presumably for Rothmanand]
RodmanaN 1165 x 1169 RRS ii no. 28 [o.c.; sic]
Rodhmuned 1183 St A. Lib. 58
Radmuneth c.1220 Terrier C [17/18th c. copy; first in list of Boar’s Raik lands]
Drummond 1753 Roy sheet 18, 1
Rowmount 1775 Ainslie/Fife
Rummond 1828 SGF

G ràth + ? en Manau

‘Ring-fort, fortified residence of Manau’? The regular o in the earliest forms may reflect an underlying Pictish *roth rather than G ràth (see Elements Glossary, PNF 5, under ràth). The suggestion as to the second element is made very tentatively, but it looks like the genitive of Manau, the district at the head of the Firth of Forth, 56 km to the south-west. It would thus be identical with the second element of Clackmannan and Slamannan. It is also found in Ireland. See Watson 1926, 103–4, 128. If it does contain Manau, then it would belong to a group of ràth-names in the wider environs of St Andrews which may contain people- or territory-names, viz Radernie CMN, above, Rathillet KLM (PNF 4) and Rumgally KMB (PNF 2 and Taylor 1995a, 149), and can be compared with other east Fife ràth-names of possible high status, such as Rathelpie SSL, above, and Ramornie KTT (PNF 2).

There must have been a shift in the stress to the first syllable. This probably occurred by analogy with the common surname Drummond (itself originally a place-name), with which it is actually confused on Roy’s map of 1753. One of the core lands of St Andrews Priory, its absence from the record between the early thirteenth and the eighteenth centuries is puzzling: it may have been absorbed into the priory’s lands of Strathkinness at a relatively early date; alternatively it may have become known as North Bank SSL, q.v.

/ˈrʌmənd/

This place-name appeared in printed volume 3