Polduff # SSL S NO554140 1 60m
Polduff 1560s Assumption, 2 [‘the lordship of Byirhillis (Boarhills SSL) and Polduff’]
in dominio de Polduff 1578 RMS iv no. 2831 [... Kilrenny (Kylrinny) KRY in the lordship of Polduff, regality of St Andrews]
Palduffe 1583 RMS v no. 585 [Alexander Winchester, a quarter of the lands and toun of Polduff, in the lordship of Boarhills (Byrehillis)]
(lordship and barony of) Polduf 1593 RMS v no. 2273 [lordship and barony of Boarhills (Byrhillis) and Polduff, comprising the vills and lands of ‘Byrhillis, Polduf, Smiddiegreine, Kylmannane (Kilminning CRA), Barrachlie, Kinglassy (Kinglassie SSL), Kyngask, Kylrynnie, Laderny (Radernie CMN), Parkmylne et Bonytoun’]
Willelmo Donaldsoun in Polduff 1611 RMS vii no. 427 [to William Donaldson]
Polduiff 1641 RMS ix no. 1005 [baronies of Boarhills and Polduff]
Baalduff 1642 Gordon MS Fife
(quarter of the toun and lands of) Polduff 1644 Retours (Fife) no. 670 [James Winchester of Kinglassie, in the lordship of Boarhills (Byrhill) SSL)]
(quarter of the lands of) Polduff 1649 Retours (Fife) no. 775 [members of Winchester family in the lands of Kinglassie (Kinglessie) SSL ‘with the house of Lochmalony SSL in the lordship of Boarhills SSL’ (cum domo de Lochmolonie in dominio de Byrehills), and a quarter of the lands of Polduff]
Bal-Duff 1654 Blaeu (Gordon) Fife
Poldiufe 1684 Adair/East Fife [sic]
Ballduff 1753 Roy sheet 19, 5
Balduff 1775 Ainslie/Fife
Balduff 1827 Ainslie/East Fife
E. Polduff 1828 SGF
W. Polduff 1828 SGF
Polduff 1855 OS 6 inch 1st edn
Polduff 1927 OS 1 inch ‘Popular’ edn
G poll + G dubh
‘Black pool’. Now Winchester. The modern name for this farm derives from the Winchester family, who have been associated with the lands of Polduff at least since the seventeenth century (see, for example, Retours (Fife) nos. 774, 775). Note that one John Winchester obtained the near-by benefice of the hospital of St Nicholas SSL in 1433 (St A. Cop. p. 409).
The late confusion of Pol- with Bal- results both from phonological similarity in unstressed syllables, as well as the assimilation of a less common place-name element (Pol-) to a more common one (Bal-).
This place was still called Polduff on OS 1925 map, was re-named Winchester on OS Pathf. (see Winchester SSL, below), but has since been re-named again as Balmashie on OS Explorer (2001).
This place-name appeared in printed volume 3