Peekie

Peekie SSL S NO553126 1 363 60m EAF

(mill of) Puthachin 1140 St A. Lib. 122–3 [given by Bp Robert to St Andrews Priory]
molendinum de Pudechin 1141 x 1150 David I Chrs. no. 126 [= St A. Lib. 189–91; royal confirmation of Bp Robert’s grants; date from Duncan 2005, 23]
(mill of) Putachin 1156 St A. Lib. 52
(mill of) Puttechin 1160 RRS i no. 174
(mill of) Putachin 1160 x 1162 St A. Lib. 131
(mill of) Putechin 1163 St A. Lib. 55
(mill of) Putakin 1165 x 1169 RRS ii no. 28 [o.c.; corresponds to St A. Lib. 214, which has Puthekin]
(mill of) Putechin 1183 St A. Lib. 58
terram de Putekin 1195 x 1196 RRS ii no. 385 [Bp Roger to St Nicholas Hospital SSL, q.v.]
Puthekyn c. 1220 Terrier F [17/18th c. copy; land held by or of the bishop]
aqua de Putekyn 1314 x 1318 RRS v no. 403 [= Kenly Water]
(mill of) Putky 1452 x 1480 RMS ii no. 1444 [St Andrews Church land]
terras vocatas Putky cum molendino 1555 RMS v no. 883 [Dominicans grant ‘lands called Peekie with the mill’, to George Learmonth (Leirmonth) of Balcomie (Balcolmy) CRA and his wife, Eufamia Leslie]
Puky 1642 Gordon MS Fife
Puky mill 1642 Gordon MS Fife
Pukie 1654 Blaeu (Gordon) Fife
Puky mill 1654 Blaeu (Gordon) Fife
Peekly 1753 Roy sheet 19, 5
Pirky 1775 Ainslie/Fife
Pikie 1828 SGF
Peikie 1855 OS 6 inch 1st edn [also Peikie Mill and Peikie Bridge]

G poiteach + – in

‘Potlike place’, probably referring to the situation of Peekie Mill, in a very distinctive flat-bottomed hollow (poiteach ‘having pots’ or ‘pot-like’). This is more likely than ‘place of the burn of pot-like pools’, this being Watson’s interpretation of Puthachin (1926, 447), since the Kenly Water does not have such features. In fact, one of chief distinguishing features of this burn is its very smooth bottom. The Puthachin mentioned by Watson (loc. cit.) is in fact the other place of that name from St A. Lib. (366), a burn in Keig parish ABD, from a charter of Bishop David de Bernham 1240 × 1253.

Geoffrey Barrow in RRS i index, and RRS ii p. 377, identifies Puttechin ‘probably’ with Buddo SSL; and ibid. p. 348 he tentatively identifies *Pitkenn(y) SSL with Peekie. This mistaken identity is repeated in RRS v. However, in Barrow’s index of David I Chrs. Pudechin is correctly identified with Peekie.

The identification of Puttechin etc. with Peekie is further strengthened by the fact that according to RRS v no. 403 the Aqua de Putekyn forms one of the boundaries of the liberties of Crail burgh, the other being the River Leven. This must refer to the Kenly Water, the burn on which Peekie Mill stands, the largest watercourse between Crail and St Andrews, and which, near its mouth, used to divide SSL and CRA (before KBS was created out of CRA in 1631). This boundary probably gave rise to the name Crailstone on Ainslie/Fife and Ainslie/East Fife, discussed above in the final section of SSL Introduction.

Peekie itself is recorded as being amongst the bishop’s lands in the Terrier c.1220 (Terrier F), although its mill had been granted to St Andrews Priory in Bishop Robert’s founding charter of 1140 (St A. Lib. 122–3). It was given to the hospital of St Nicholas, St Andrews, by Bishop-Elect Roger in the 1190s (RRS ii no. 385), and it was this hospital connection which led to its becoming part of the parish of St Leonards.

OS Pathf. shows Peekie Mill (NO559126) and Peekie Bridge beside the mill. The bridge appears to have been built in the sixteenth century: it bears the Hepburn arms, and was therefore presumably built either by John Hepburn (prior of St Andrews 1483-1526), or his nephew Patrick Hepburn, who inherited the office, initially as John’s co-adjutor and then as his successor, dying in 1538 (NMRS NO51SE 8; Heads of Religious Houses 191).

/ˈpikɪ/

This place-name appeared in printed volume 3