Garried

Garried # SSL S NO5114 4

Garried 1172 x 1178 St A. Lib. 140 [Bp Richard’s charter granting to the canons of St Andrews Priory Dunhorc ferdeis . Garried . Neuethin endoreth; no other lands mentioned][277]
Garriech 1179 x 1183 St A. Lib. 146 [Dunhorh ferdis . Garriech . Neuethin . endoreth][278]
Garried 1183 NAS GD45/27/8 fo 25v [Dunorchferdis . Garried . Neuedhin . Endered][279]
Garriath 1189 x 1198 NAS GD45/27/8 fo 66r [Dunorc ferdis Garriath . Neuedin . Endereð][280]
Gariad 1199 x 1209 St A. Lib. 329 [which the priory had obtained from Gellin in exchange for Scoonie (Sconin) SSL, which see for more details]
Garrieth 1212 x 1215 NAS GD45/27/8 fo 141v [= St A. Lib. 317, which has Garriech; ‘super terra quadam que uocatur Garrieth’; see SSL Introduction, St Andrews and Learning]
terra de Garrieth 1212 x 1215 NAS GD45/27/8 fo 141v [= St A. Lib. 317, which has Garriech]
Garried c.1220 Terrier C [17/18th c. copy; Petengared, Neueteindorech,[281] ... Dunor<c> ferd<is>, [282] Garried, Pethendrech; amongst the lands of the Boar’s Raik which the priory holds from the king]

? OG gairid

‘(Land of or associated with) minors or young persons’? Both the etymology and the location of this name are problematical. To take the etymology first, it is assumed from the early forms that the final consonant is a dental (either stop or fricative), and that those forms with -ch are the result of the very common misreading (by both medieval copyists and modern editors) of t for c. The meaning proposed above is based on the assumption that there is a generic element such as pett ‘land-holding, farm’ understood, and in fact there is one instance (the Terrier’s Petengared) where such a form does appear (see below for more details). The proposed specific element (used also as a simplex) is the word which appears in Old Irish as gairid or garaid ‘a minor of the freeman class’. The Old Irish law tract on status, Uraicecht Becc (literally ‘small primer’), categorises the legal capacity of a male between childhood and adulthood (i.e. between fourteen and twenty) as follows: the oldest category is fer midboth, with an honour price worth a yearling heifer; below him comes the gairid with an honour-price worth one sheep, then comes the flescach with an honour-price worth one lamb, and finally the inol with an honour-price worth one fleece (Kelly 1988, 82 note 107). We know from the complicated agreement reached between St Andrews Priory and the ‘poor scholars of St Andrews’ in 1212 × 1215 that the income from at least some of the land of Garried had been assigned to the support of the ‘poor scholars’ before it was given to St Andrews Priory by Bishop Richard in the 1170s (St A. Lib. 316–18; for more details, see SSL Introduction, St Andrews and Learning). Many of these scholars would have been of an age which could be classified as gairid, and, within an ecclesiastical context at least, it is not unknown for a piece of land to be named after the beneficiary of its income (see, for example, Pitliver DFL, PNF 1, and Pitlour SLO, PNF 4).

A superficially similar element appears in several Irish place-names e.g. Cell Garad (Tirechán’s Uaran Garad), Co. Roscommon (see Hogan 1910, 194). There is also Kingarth, Bute, early forms of which are Cinn Garadh 660 AU, Iolan episcopus Cinn Garath 689 AU, Teimnen Cille Garadh 732 AU, (Ronan abbot of) Cinn Garadh 737 AU, Bláán cáin Cinn Garad 800 × 825 FO 10 August (‘fair Blane of Kingarth’). However, all these forms show a back (non-palatal) monophthong in the final syllable, but Garried consistently has ie (sometimes ia), which suggests a fronted vowel, and probably a diphthong. It is more likely that these names are linked to garadh ‘den, copse’ (Watson 1926, 470–1), which is ulimately cognate with garbh ‘rough’ (MacBain 1911).

As to the location, apart from the fact that it lay within the Boar’s Raik, there is otherwise very little to go on. While it would appear that there are two places of this name in the early documents relating to St Andrews Priory, it is more likely that we are dealing with two parts of the same estate (compare for example Scoonie(hill)). These are:

(1) Garried (Garrieth, Garriath) linked with Denorc CMN and *Nevethy-endereth SSL, which Bishop Richard (1165-78) gave to St Andrews Priory (St A. Lib. 141);

(2) Garried (Gariad), which the priory had obtained from Gellin in exchange for Scooniehill SSL 1199 × 1209 (St A. Lib. 329).

 

*Pittengarried (Petengared) appears in the Terrier amongst the lands comprising the Boar’s Raik, as does Garried (as Garried). This is the only mention anywhere of the former, and probably refers to one or other of the above-mentioned divisions of Garried, with G pett ‘land-holding’ and the definite article, or a diminutive of pett such as *pettan ‘small land-holding’.

While it is tempting to connect the second element of Kingarroch CER (Kingarrok 1474 RMS ii no. 1163) with Garried, there are two reasons for ruling this out. Firstly it is unlikely that the final dental (stop or fricative) of Garried would have developed into the velar (stop or fricative) consistently observed in the early forms of Kingarroch, and surviving into modern times. Secondly the Boar’s Raik did not extend so far west (see SSL Introduction, Boar’s Raik), and the Priory had no territorial interests in this area. This latter argument also applies to the identification of Garried with the Garr Hills, on the lands of Teasses CER. There is, however, a now lost name, Garris (for details of which see under that name), which appears in the early modern period as part of the lands of Newgrange by St Andrews. If this is indeed Garried, then it would have been the name of the lands now known as the Grange, which form much of the northern and eastern march of the lands of Scooniehill. However, see under *Nevethy-endoreth SSL, below, for the suggestion that both it and Garried may be represented today by the lands of Denbrae SSL.

This place-name appeared in printed volume 3