Bonfield

Bonfield SSL S NO453161 1 363 85m SEF

Bonde Nidin 1212 St A. Lib. 316
Nidin rusticorum c.1220 Terrier F [17/18th c. copy]
Benfield 1753 Roy sheet 18, 1
Boonfield 1775 Ainslie/Fife
Bonfield 1785 Sasines no. 1098
Bonefield 1855 OS 6 inch 1st edn

Sc bond + Sc field

‘Field of the peasant-farmers’, i.e. an area of arable land (in this case part of the lands of Nydie SSL) held directly from the feudal superior (in this case the bishop of St Andrews) by a group of relatively low-status peasant-farmers, referred to in Latin as rusticus and in Scots as bond. Geoffrey Barrow consistently translates rusticus as ‘neyf’ (e.g. Barrow 2003, 243 and RRS ii no. 281), that is an unfree peasant tied to the land, although the use of rusticus in twelfth- and thirteenth-century texts, including legislation, suggests a status which is not always quite so lowly.[269] In the early thirteenth-century St Andrews Terrier, amongst the lands held by the bishop and his men, parts of both Nydie (i.e. Bonfield) and Kemback are described as rusticorum i.e. ‘of the rustici or peasant-farmers’, and it is possible that at least one of the rustici of Kemback is named (Gillemhìcheil mac Eoghain), with perhaps the names of another two given in garbled form (see Appendix 2, below, for more details).

This place-name appeared in printed volume 3