Pittenweem

Pittenweem PIT ANR S NO549025 1 374 15m

Petneweme 1141 x 1150 David I Chrs. no. 133 [= May Recs. no. 4; David I grants Pittenweem and Inverie (Inverrin) SMS to the Isle of May; see PIT Introduction, Trade and the Burgh]
Pednewem 1141 x 1150 David I Chrs. no. 133 [variant reading in BL MS Egerton 3031 (Reading Abbey cartulary)]
Pennewem 1153 x 1162 RRS i no. 168
Petneweme 1166 x 1171 RRS ii no. 8
Pednewem 1178 x 1188 RRS ii no. 207 [temp. Edward I]
H<ugo>. prior de Pethneweme 1202 x 1206 Barrow 1974 no. 3 [o.c.; see PIT Introduction]
Ulkil de Petnewem’ 1205 x 1207 RRS ii no. 459 [o.c.; printed with several errors Yester Writs no. 8]
Petenweme 1270 CDS i no. 2577
Pedenwem 1296 x 1297 Duncan 1957, 77 [the prior of Reading seeks the return of the Isle of May and Pittenweem by Edward I, now ‘guardian and master’ (gardain et maistre) of Scotland]
de priore de Petinweme 1310 x 1324 Dryb. Lib. no. 291 [16th c. copy; a merk from the prior of Pittenweem]
Adamo priore de Petynwem c.1330 x c.1330 x 1350 Balm. Lib. no. 49 [w.; presumably Adam of Pilmuir (Pilmor), attested in 1345 (Heads of Religious Houses, 144)]
terrras de prioratu de Petynweme 1452 x 1480 RMS ii no. 1444 ‘ [‘lands of the priory of Pittenweem’]
(port and haven of) Pettinweme 1498 RSS i no. 260 [‘portis and havynes of Pettinweme, Andstruthir, Erlisferry and Carrale’]
Pettinweyme 1600 Retours (Fife) no. 82
Mary Magdalene in ... Pettinweeme 1632 Whyte Almanac [in July: ‘in Linlithgow, Pettinweeme and Pethheid 22 day’]
ecclesia<a> de Pittenweim 1634 Retours (Fife) no. 504 [‘teinds of the church of Pittenweem called Anstruther’ (decimis ecclesie de Pittenweim nuncupate Anstruther); see also ibid. no. 642]
Pettnawem 1642 Gordon MS Fife
Peten-weyme 1649 Lamont’s Diary 11
Pitnaweem 1654 Blaeu (Gordon) Fife
Pittenweem 1753 Roy sheet 18, 1

G pett + G an + G uaimh

‘Estate of the cave’. The cave in question is the large one a short distance inland from the harbour, up Cove Wynd. It was reputedly used by a St Fillan as a hermitage. While the association with St Fillan is relatively late, it probably had strong religious associations from an early date. See PIT Introduction for more details. The rocky outcrop at the cave is called the *Covecraig (lie Coifcraig i.e. cave crag) in 1592 (RMS v no. 2144).

Blaeu (Pont) East Fife (1654) does not mark Pittenweem, but shows Sandness in about the same position.

/ˌpɪtənˈwim/

This place-name appeared in printed volume 3