Johan de Randolueston’ 1296 Inst. Pub. 145
W<illelmus> de Rendaliston 1306 Dunf. Reg. no. 590 [juror; see NBN Introduction, Medieval Marches no. 2]
Randalstoun 1372 x 1406 RMS i app.2 no. 1677 A
Randelstoun 1372 x 1406 RMS. i app.2 no. 1677 B
Randalstoun 1429 RMS ii no. 130 [Randerston (Randalstoun) and Ladylands # (Ladylanddis) KBS granted by the king to Thomas of Morton (Myrtoun) dean of Glasgow]
(one third of the lands of) Randerstoun 1496 RMS no. 2331 [associated with the lands of Newton CRA q.v.]
(Ale ander Morton (Myrtone) of) Randerstoun 1522 Crail Chrs. no. 88 [w. to appointment of William Turnour as chaplain of the Holy Rood]
Randelston 1528 Crail Chrs. no. 94 [lands of Randerston, with the sea-weed and with pasture of one horse]
Randelstoun 1557 RMS iv no. 1207 [Randerston and Ladylands # (Ladilandis)]
Randerstoun c.1560 s Purves 153 [£4]
Randelstoun c.1560 s Assumption, 177 [parish of Crail (Craill), rent to Haddington Priory]
Newtoun of Randelstoun c.1560 s Assumption, 162 [amongst lands belonging to Haddington Priory]
Randerstoun 1594 RMS iv no. 100 [Randerston and Newton (Newtoun) CRA]
Randelstoun 1622 Retours (Fife) no. 326 [Arthur Morton (Mortoun), in the lands of Randerston and Ladylands, with advowson of two former chaplainries in the parish church of Crail, viz St Michael’s and St Catherine’s]
Randersoun heawin 1609 Marwick 1866–90 ii, 282 [‘packeris of hering and fische in the haikis and Randersoun heawin’ (haven)]
Randerston 1642 Gordon MS Fife
Cotton of Randerston 1642 Gordon MS Fife [on the shore, east of Randerston]
Lochanderston 1654 Blaeu (Pont) East Fife [perhaps from a misreading of Pont MS R as L, and subsequent interpretation of L as abbreviation for Loch]
Randerstoun 1654 Blaeu (Gordon) Fife [also Randerstoun cottoun]
Randerston 1753 Roy sheet 19, 5
Randerston 1775 Ainslie/Fife [John Hay Esquire; also Randerston Castle]
Randerstone 1855 OS 6 inch 1st edn
pn Randolph + Sc toun
‘Randolph’s farm’. ‘It is likely that it obtained this designation from a certain Randolf who held property in Fife during the later years of the thirteenth century. Sir John Fitz-Randolf was laird of Fodiche and swore fealty to Edward I in 1296; and at the same date Sir John de Randolfstoun became the liege of that monarch’ (Millar 1895 i, 367).
OS Pathf. also shows Randerston Castle at NO618109, but this is a reference to a coastal rock: OS Name Book 84, 22 describes it as ‘a bold and conspicuous rock on the sea coast east of Randerston’. Close by, however, at NO617109, crop-marks indicate a triple ditch construction on the promontory (NMRS NO61SW 4), and may have influenced the naming of the rock.
There is in fact no reason to doubt that the original core of Randerston lay where Randerston farm-house and steading are today. The present farm-house appears to be sixteenth century in date, with additional parts built c.1800 (Pastmap HB 8796).
Randerston Haven or Harbour (Randersoun heawin 1609) must refer to the inlet of the sea, a natural berth for boats with a small strip of sandy shore, and with a path leading directly to Randerston.
Ladylands # KBS (q.v.), which frequently appears in association with Randerston (see entries for 1429, 1557, 1622 above) seems to be what became Newton of Randerston # KBS, now OS Pathf. Newton CRA, the name later moving to the other side of the farm-track into CRA (see also Newton CRA for more details).
/ˈrandərstən/, also /ˈrɔndərsən/.
This place-name appeared in printed volume 3