Kilduncan

Kilduncan KBS CRA S NO577121 1 363 45m

Bartholomeu de Kildunham 1296 Inst. Pub. 145 [superscript a; Bartholemew of Kilduncan does homage to Edward I with others from the county of Fife]
Bartholomeum de Kyldunchane 1312 Hist. MSS. Comm. v, 626 [among jurors in an inquest held at Cupar]
totam terram de Kyldinechane 1376 RMS i no. 573 [the whole land of Kilduncan granted by Robert II to Robert de Roos son of Hugh de Roos]
Mariori<a> de Kyldinechane 1376 RMS i no. 573 [Marjorie of Kilduncan resigns the land of Kilduncan]
omnes et singulas terras et redditus de Kyldonquhane 1382 RMS i no. 693 [all the lands and rents of Kilduncan granted by Robert II to John Lyon, resigned by Robert de Roos son of Hugh de Roos of Kinfauns]
apud terram de Kyldonquhane 1382 RMS i no. 693
Kyldonqwane 1382 RMS i no. 781 [repeat of RMS i no. 693]
Kyldonqwane 1382 RMS i no. 781 [repeat of RMS i no. 693]
Johannis de Kylduncane 1421 Arb. Lib. no. 56 [his land forms eastern boundary of land in Crail granted to Arbroath Abbey; see CRA Introduction]
omnes terras de Kilduncane 1489 RMS ii no. 1809 [granted to Stephen Duddingston of St Ford KCQ, resigned by David lord Lindsay]
Kilduncane 1517 Crail Chrs. no. 24 [forms western march of Pitmilly (Petmulye) KBS]
in terris de Kilduncan 1548 Retours (Fife) no. 22 [Archibald Duddingston (Dudingstoun) of Kilduncane (sic), in the lands of Kilduncan]
Kilduncan c.1560 s Purves 153 [£1]
Kilduncane 1594 RMS vi no. 100
Kilduncane 1628 Retours (Fife) no. 396 [Walter Kinninmonth of Callange (Kinnynmonthe de Callinshe) CER]
Kilduncane 1629 Retours (Fife) no. 413 [George Duddingston (Duddingstoun) of Radernie (Raderny) CMN]
Kilduncan 1639 Retours (Fife) no. 585 [Helen Duddingston (Duddingstoun)]
Littill Kilduncane 1640 Retours (Fife) no. 587 [John Philp, in barony of Kippo KBS]
Kyllduncan 1642 Gordon MS Fife
Kyll-Duncan 1654 Blaeu (Gordon) Fife
Ki<l>duncan 1684 Adair/East Fife [the third letter is illegible]
Litle Kilduncan 1700 Retours (Fife) no. 1445 [John Ayton (Aytoun), in barony of Kippo]
Kilduncan 1753 Roy sheet 19, 5
Kilduncan 1775 Ainslie/Fife
Kilduncan 1828 SGF
Kilduncan 1855 OS 6 inch 1st edn
Little Kilduncan 1855 OS 6 inch 1st edn [also Kilduncan Wood beside Kilduncan Burn]

G cill + pn Dúnchad

‘Church of (St) Dúnchad or Duncan’. For a discussion of this and other cill-names in Fife, and for the suggestion that the formation of the name is early eighth century, see Taylor 1996, 100, 106. As proposed there, the most likely candidate for the man commemorated by the name Kilduncan is Dúnchad (G Donnchadh,[229] SSE Duncan), abbot of Iona, whose death is recorded in AU in the year 717,[230] and who is celebrated by the early ninth-century Martyrology of Oengus at 25 May (FO, 136).[231] If the same name is contained in the east Fife parish-name Kilconquhar (q.v., above), then it most likely refers to the same man. The same name, but not the same man, is found in Baldinnie CER, SSL (Balemacdunechine 1140 St A. Lib. 122, PNF 2) and Pitconochie DFL (PNF 1). In Kilduncan and Baldinnie we are dealing with a hypocoristic form Donnacán (CGH, pp. 593–4., quoted by Jackson 1972, 77) or Dúnchadán (which occurs in CGH §125 a.38).

That Kilduncan was an early medieval ecclesiastical site is confirmed by the discovery of a splendid cross-slab, first recorded in 2001, at the barn of Kilduncan House. Ross Trench-Jellicoe (2005) has described its style as Scando-Insular, and would date it relatively late, to between about A.D. 950 and 1050. The consensus, however, is that this style is somewhat earlier, dateable to the ninth century.[232]

Kilduncan formed part of the royal territory of Crail, and in 1376 had been held of the king by Marjory (or Mariota) of Kilduncan (no doubt a descendant of Bartholomew of Kilduncan, mentioned in 1312, for which see above), who resigned it into the king’s hands prior to its being granted to Robert de Roos, son and heir of Hugh de Roos of Kinfauns (RMS i nos. 573). On 4 April 1382 the lands of Kilduncan were resigned by Robert de Roos, to be granted to Sir John Lyon (RMS i no. 693; repeated no. 781). See also Kippo KBS, below. The lands of Kiduncan were later held by the Lindsays along with part of the lands of St Ford KCQ, and in 1489 were acquired by Stephen Duddingston of St Ford (RMS ii no. 1809).

The division of the lands of Kilduncan into Kilduncan and Little Kilduncan is first recorded in 1640 (Retours (Fife) no. 587). OS Explorer marks a poultry farm on the site of OS 6 inch 1 edn Little Kilduncan (NO573117).

OS Pathf. Kilduncan Burn is named on Gordon MS Fife (1645) (as Kyllduncan B.), but is attached to the upper reaches of OS Pathf. Cambo Burn. This error has been repeated on the printed version in Blaeu’s Atlas (1654). In fact Kilduncan Burn is the upper part of OS Pathf. Pitmilly Burn, while the upper part of Cambo Burn is OS Pathf. Kippo Burn.

/kɪlˈdʌŋkən/

This place-name appeared in printed volume 3