Kincraig

Kincraig ELI KCQ S NO467002 1 374 35m NEF

(common pasture of my land of) Kincrag 1200 x 1210 Barrow 1974 no. 2 [Waltheof son of Merleswain; see Ardross ELI, above, for more details]
(common pasture of) Kyncrag c.1250 NLS MS Adv. 34.6.24, p. 218 [18th c. copy; ths subject of a dispute between Ela of Ardross and the nuns of North Berwick; see Grange ELI, above, for more details]
Kyncrag 1295 NLS MS Adv. 34.6.24, p. 217 [18th c. copy; Walter of Bickerton (Bigirton), lord of Kincraig; see Grange ELI, above, for more details]
(common pasture of) Kincrag 1295 NLS MS Adv. 34.6.24, p. 217 [see Grange ELI, above, for more details]
(Ale ander Gourlay of) Kyncrag 1395 St A. Lib. 5
(lands of) Kincraig 1488 RMS ii no. 1803 [united to barony of Lundin (Lundy) LAR in favour of William Lundy of that ilk (i.e. of Lundin)]
(John Gourlay of) Kincraig 1492 RMS ii no. 2097
apud Kincraig 1492 RMS ii no. 2097
Kyncrag 1515 Fife Ct. Bk. 13
Kincrag 1516 Fife Ct. Bk. 25
(Ale ander Gourlay of) Kyncrag 1517 Fife Ct. Bk. 66
(half lands of) Kincrag 1538 RMS iii no. 1829 [to William Gourlay and Janet Forman]
(half lands of) Kincraig 1540 RMS iii no. 2176 [to William Gourlay (Gurlaw) of Kincraig, and his wife Janet Forman, with several lands in East Lothian]
(free barony of) Kincrag 1540 RMS iii no. 2176 [erected for the Gourlays]
Kingcraige 1545 x 1555 N. Berwick Cart. p. xxiii [‘Item set to the ladie Kingcraige the teynd fische off the fferie (Earlsferry)’]
Kingcraig c.1560 s Purves 153 [£4]
(lands and barony of) Kincraig 1567 Retours (Fife) no. 67 [Alexander Gourlay]
(half the lands of) Kincraig 1600 Retours (Fife) no. 85 [to John Lundy of that ilk; not described as part of barony of Lundin (Lundy) LAR; see discussion]
Keancraig 1642 Gordon MS Fife
Keancraig Nook pr. 1642 Gordon MS Fife [pr. for ‘promontory’?]
dimidietate villae et terrarum de Kingcraig 1648 Retours (Fife) no. 753 [‘in half of the toun and lands of Kincraig’, united in the barony of Lundin LAR]
Kincraig 1654 Blaeu (Pont) East Fife
Keancraige 1654 Blaeu (Gordon) Fife [also Keancrage Nooke]
in solari dimidietate terrarum de Kincraig 1684 Retours (Fife) no. 1237 [William Gourlay, ‘in the sunny half of the lands of Kincraig’]
Kincraig 1684 Adair/East Fife
Kincraig 1753 Roy sheet 18, 1
Kingcraig 1775 Ainslie/Fife [‘Wm. Gourley Esqr.’]
Kincraig 1828 SGF
Kincraig 1855 OS 6 inch 1st edn [also Kincraig Hill and Craig Heugh]

G ceann + G creag

‘End of (the) crag or rock’. It is likely that the eponymous creag is the rocky formation of Craig Heugh ELI (q.v.), which must therefore have been known as a creag in Gaelic-speaking times, before it acquired the Sc name Craig Heugh. OS Pathf. Kincraig Point is called Heughend on Ainslie/Fife (1775), which is the direct Sc equivalent of Kincraig.

The Gourlay family, a member of which is recorded as being ‘of Kincraig’ in 1395 (St A. Lib. 5), still held part of the lands in 1895 (Millar 1895 ii, 11). In 1488, however, the recently crowned James IV confirmed ‘the lands of Kincraig’ (terras de Kingcrag) to William Lundy or Lundin (of Lundin LAR), and united them to the barony of Lundin (Lundy) LAR (RMS ii no. 1803). It is clear from later entries (see above) that in fact the Lundins held only half the lands of Kincraig, the other half remaining in the hands of the Gourlays. In 1684 the half of Kincraig in Gourlay hands is described as the sunny half (Retours no. 1237).

OS Pathf. also shows Kincraig Hill, Kincraig Dean and Kincraig Point.

/kɪnˈkreg/

This place-name appeared in printed volume 3