Craigbeath

Craigbeath BEA S NT153925 2 175m

Cragbaith 1543 RMS iii no. 2915 [occupied by John Orok]
Craigbayth 1574 Inchcolm Chrs. p. 218
Graigbayth 1574 Inchcolm Chrs. p. 222 [for Craigbayth]
Craigbayth 1593 Retours (Fife) no. 1515 [three poundlands of the lands of Craigbeath (3 libratis terrarum de Craigbayth)]
Craigb ? e?ch 1642 Gordon MS Fife
Craigbarr 1654 Blaeu (Pont) West Fife
Craig-beth 1654 Blaeu (Gordon) Fife
Craig of Bead 1753 Roy sheet 17, 5
Craigbaith Farm 1759 RHP14330
Craigbeath 1775 Ainslie/Fife
Craigbeath 1872 Sasines no. 1544

Sc craig + en Beath

‘A crag or rocky feature on the lands of Beath’. The first element refers to the hill called on the OS Pathf. Craigbeath Hill, which is conspicuously craggy on its north side.

It lay on Inchcolm’s part of Beath, since in 1543 John Orok held the land of the abbot of Inchcolm (RMS iii no. 2915). It is in fact possible that for a time Craigbeath was also known as *Orrocksbeath, although Gordon MS Fife shows Orroks B<eth> and Craigbech (Oroksbeth and Craig-beth on Blaeu (Gordon) Fife) as two separate places.

The Orrocks were an important local family who took their name from the lands of Orrock BUI. There were also Orrocks who were burgesses of Dunfermline. One John Orrok appears frequently in the Dunfermline burgh records around 1500, sometimes as baillie (Dunf. Recs. passim). He is presumably the same John Orrok the smith who was fined for ‘the strublyn of Andro Persone cuyk’ in 1503 (Dunf. Recs. {127}).

This place-name appeared in printed volume 1