Bucklyvie

Bucklyvie ELI KCQ F NO492011 1 20m

Balclawe c.1560 s Assumption, 167 [to North Berwick Priory, the teind of Ardross ELI, Bucklyvie ELI, St Ford KCQ and Kincraig ELI]
Balclavie 1599 RMS vi no. 874
Balclavy 1599 RMS vi no. 874
villam, terras, moras et hortos de Balclavie 1604 x 1615 RMS vii no. 1213 [‘the vill, lands, muirs and gardens of Bucklyvie’ in the western part of the barony of Ardross; see ELI Introduction]
(Peter Dishington in) Balclavie 1604 x 1615 RMS vii no. 1213
villa, terris, moris et hortis de Balclevie 1629 Retours (Fife) no. 415 [in the barony of Ardross (Ardros)]
Balcleevie 1641 APS v, 471 [in the barony of Ardross]
villas, terras, hortos et moras de Balclevie 1643 RMS ix no. 1470 [‘the vills, lands, gardens and muirs of Bucklyvie’]
Balcleavie 1680 Laing Chrs. no. 2790 [Alexander Bennet, tenant in Bucklyvie]
Balclevie 1684 Adair/East Fife
Balclivy 1715 Elie Inventory 61
Bucklivy 1769 Elie Inventory 61
Bucklevie 1775 Ainslie/Fife
Bucklerie 1827 Ainslie/East Fife
Balclivy 1853 Elie Inventory 60
Buchlyvie Village 1855 OS 6 inch 1st edn [‘Site of’]
the Town Lands yards and Muir of Balclivie 1870 Elie Disposition fo 44v
Bucklyvie 1895 Millar 1895 ii, 9–10
Bvclevie 1928 Elie Plan/1928 [sic; a field-name]

? G both + ? G sliabh + ? – in

‘(Place of) hut or shieling in moorland or muir’? The suggestion that this name contains G both ‘hut, shieling’ rather than G baile ‘farm’, despite the early forms in Bal-, is based on its close resemblance to Bucklyvie ABO (PNF 1). While Bucklyvie ABO also has mid-sixteenth-century forms beginning with Bal-, much earlier forms (such as Boclavy 1240 Inchcolm Chrs. no. 19), as well as the modern form, indicate that the first element was indeed both, and that the Bal-forms are the result of assimilation to the many genuine Fife Bal-names.

The second element sliabh, ‘(upland) moorland’, is also suggested for Bucklyvie ABO (which see for other, less likely, possibilities). While it makes good topographical sense in the west Fife example, this is perhaps less the case in the Elie one. Bucklyvie ELI is certainly not upland, though it may well have been an area of rough grazing, to which sliabh can also apply. Indeed, the charters and retours relating to Bucklyvie frequently refer to its muirs (morae), which supports the suggestion that this was a sliabh-name (see ELI Introduction, above). It lay practically on the flood-plain of Kilconquhar Loch, and may, in the medieval period, have been unsuitable for permanent settlement.

The final syllable is probably the common locational suffix –in.

Legend has it that Janet Fall, who married Sir John Anstruther in 1750 to become Lady Anstruther, ‘urged her husband to remove the village of Bucklyvie, which stood between Elie house and Kilconquhar loch, and interfered with the privacy of the mansion; and this eviction, it is said, prompted one of the old villagers to predict that the family of the Anstruthers should not flourish for seven generations ... [which] prophecy so far has been fulfilled, for there is no longer an Anstruther of Elie’ (Millar 1895 ii, 9–10)

/bəlˈklɪvɪ/ and /bəˈklaivɪ/[151]

This place-name appeared in printed volume 3