Primrose DNO S NO553120 1 363 70m NEF
Prymrowhill 1698 Retours (Fife) no. 1408 [lands of Balkaithly (Balkeathlie) DNO with part of the said lands called Prymrowhill]
Primrose 1775 Ainslie/Fife
Primrose 1790s OSA x, 261
Primrose 1855 OS 6 inch 1st edn
W. J. Watson considers that this name may be P-Celtic, referring specifically to Primrose DNO as one of his examples (1926, 351). He does not mention Primrose DFL, which appears as Primros c.1150, and which is certainly Celtic, although its etymology is problematic (see PNF 1 s.n.). However, it is much more likely that Primrose DNO derives from Sc primrose, and was originally *Primrose Hill ‘hill where primroses grow (abundantly)’. There is also a Primrosehill in Duns BWK, which appears as such in 1684 (Johnston 1940, 44), and is probably as transparent as it seems. This is Watson’s other possible P-Celtic Primrose in BWK (1926, 351), and can therefore also be discarded as such. The only other one he mentions, in MLO, remains to be investigated.
Primrose(hill) lay in the north-east corner of the lands of Balkaithly, but was sold off in the early nineteenth century. Primrose Field (centred on NO548118) is today the name of a field on Balkaithly which marches with Primrose.
A short distance to the west, on the other side of the Kenly Water, but still within DNO, is a place called Violet, first recorded in 1745 (q.v.). This name may be a play on the name of nearby Primrose.
The small farm-house or cottage at Primrose has been in ruins at least since the mid-1990s.
This place-name appeared in printed volume 3