Swinkie

Swinkie CRA S NO557102 1 363 102m SOF

Swincowhill 1610 RMS vii no. 404 [one of three tofts in the Kingsmuir of Crail (the Kingis-mure of Craill), with 15 acres of arable land with a toft and pasture on the north side of the said muir]
Swinkyhill 1775 Ainslie/Fife [shown in DNO]
Swinky 1828 SGF
Swinecowhill 1855 OS 6 inch 1st edn [name of the farm of Swinkie]
Swinky 1888 x 1914 OS 6 inch 1st revision

? Sc * swinkie + Sc hill

The first element may be an adjective, otherwise unattested, deriving from Sc swink (noun) ‘hard work, toil’, and (verb) ‘to work hard, to labour’. The attested adjective is Sc swinkin ‘laborious’. It may therefore refer to high-lying land which requires hard work, an appropriate enough description of this place. It lay on Kingsmuir CRA, q.v.

OS Pathf. Dod Law (q.v.), which, according to OS Name Book 83, 5, lay on the farm of Swinkie (Swinecowhill), is also known locally as Swinkie Hill.

This place-name appeared in printed volume 3