Pinkerton

Pinkerton CRA S NO615080 1 364 30m SOF

de terris de Pinkertoun 1390 x 1406 RMS i app. 2 no. 1677 A [16th c. index; charter of Thomas of Balcomie (Balcolme) CRA of the lands of Pinkerton and Randerston (Randlastoun) KBS]
(lands of) Pinkertoun 1390 x 1406 RMS i app. 2 no. 1677 B [17th c. index; to Thomas Balcomie (Balcomy) of the lands of Pinkerton and Randerston (Randelstoun) with lands in Crail and Kingaldiscrofts (or Ringaldiscrofts), Fife]
Pinkertoune 1515 Fife Ct. Bk. 1 [Pinkerton and Pittowie # (Pettolly) CRA]
Pynkertone 1515 Fife Ct. Bk. 12 [Pinkerton, Pittowie # (Pettolly) CRA]
ad portam de Pinkirtoune 1517 NLS MS Adv. 34.4.6, fo 23v [printed in translation as Crail Register no. 26; ‘the common road which leads to the gate of Pinkerton’ (commun<em> venellam que ducit ad portam de Pinkirtoune)]
Pynkertoune 1517 Fife Ct. Bk. 55 [Pinkerton and Pittowie (Pettolly) CRA]
Pinkertoune 1517 Fife Ct. Bk. 397 [17th c. copy; Pinkerton and Pittowie, £2]
Pinkartoun 1525 Crail Register no. 66
Pincartoun c.1560 s Purves 153 [Pinkerton and Pittowie (Pittcowie) CRA, £2]
Pincartoun c.1560 s Assumption, 177 [rental 49 s. 4 d., to Haddington Priory]
terris de Pincartoun 1614 Retours (Fife) no. 230 [in lands of Pinkerton ‘at burgh of Crail’ (apud burgum de Carraill)]
Pincartoune 1663 Retours (Fife) no. 938 [John Preston (Prestoun) of Airdrie CRA]
terris de Pincartone 1691 Retours (Fife) no. 1321 [in the lands of Pinkerton in the barony of Barns (Barnes) CRA]
Pinkerton 1827 Ainslie/East Fife
Pinkerton 1855 OS 6 inch 1st edn

Sc * pinker(n) + Sc toun

‘Butler(’s) toun’. This contains the Sc word deriving from Middle French pincerne (Latin pincerna) ‘butler’.[115] It is found in place-names, such as Pinkerton IKG (PNF 1) and Pinkerton near Dunbar ELO. As an essential court official, it is not surprising to find the title contained in a settlement near the royal castle of Crail. The word appears locally in the case of Robert son of Henry Pincerne, who was granted Cassingray CBE 1189 × 1195 (RRS ii nos. 286, 402), otherwise unattested (ibid. p. 37). Pincerne is probably describing his office rather than functioning simply as a surname. William de Hay, who was a landholder in CRA (see Pitmilly KBS), is also described as the butler (pincerna) of the king of Scotland in 1172 (St A. Lib. 313), and may well be the eponymous butler of Pinkerton.

/ˈpɪŋkərtən/

This place-name appeared in printed volume 3