Pitcorthie

Pitcorthie CBE S NO487041 2 374 60m SOF

mora de Pethcorthin 1266 Laing Chrs. no. 8 [‘muir of Pitcorthie’; see discussion and CBE Introduction, Lords and Marches]
Petcorthy 1306 x 1329 RMS i app. 2 no. 495 A [16th c. index]
(lands of) Pitcorthie 1306 x 1329 RMS i app. 2 no. 495 B [17th c. index; to John Duddingston the lands of Pitcorthie ‘in the holding of Kellie’ (in tenemento de Kellie), which Richard Siward (Syward) resigned]
(tenement of) Westirpetcorthy 1351 NAS Cal. of Charters i, no. 119A [Sir Richard of Anstruther (Aynstrother) to John Strang and Cecilia, Sir Richard’s sister, the tenement of Wester Pitcorthie]
Estirpetcorthy 1358 RRS vi no. 206 [o.c.; royal inspection of charter (1351 x 1354) of Lady Elena Maxwell, widow of Eustace Maxwell, knight, of barony of Kellie (Kelly), to John Strang, to whom she grants an annual rent of four marks from the land of Easter Pitcorthie; all witnesses to the charter are from east Fife]
(John Strang lord of) Petcorthi 1368 NAS Cal. of Charters i, no. 148A
Westirpetcorthi 1368 NAS Cal. of Charters no. 148A [see Kethok #, Section 1]
Petcorthy 1452 x 1480 RMS ii no. 1444 [St Andrews Church land; listed between Balbuthie (Balbuthy) KCQ and Muircambus (Murecambosse) KCQ]
Estir-Petcorthy 1511 RMS ii no. 3590 [part of the barony of Kellie CBE, q.v.]
superioritate de Pytcorthie 1560 Retours (Fife) no. 43 [to Peter Oliphant (Olyphant), in the barony of Kellie]
Eister Pitcorthie 1601 Retours (Fife) no. 94 [to David Lindsay (Lyndsay) of Balcarres (Balcarres) KCQ, the superiority of the vill and lands of Easter Pitcorthy in the barony of Kellie (Kellie)]
Eister Pitcorthay 1643 Retours (Fife) no. 664 [Alexander of Balcarres KCQ; see also Retours (Fife) nos. 1039, 1054]
Pittcorthy 1654 Blaeu (Gordon) Fife
O. Pitcorthy 1654 Blaeu (Gordon) Fife
Pitcuruy 1654 Blaeu (Pont) East Fife
E. Balcorthy 1753 Roy sheet 18, 1
W. Balcorthy 1753 Roy sheet 18, 1
E Balcorthy 1775 Ainslie/Fife
W Balcorthy 1775 Ainslie/Fife
Balcorthy Mill 1775 Ainslie/Fife
Easter Pitcorthie 1828 SGF
Pitcorthie 1828 SGF [now Pitcorthie House]
Easter Pitcorthie 1855 OS 6 inch 1st edn
Pitcorthie House 1855 OS 6 inch 1st edn

G pett + G coirthe + – in

‘(Place of the) farm of (the) standing stone’. The eponymous stone still stands, between Easter Pitcorthie and Pitcorthie House (formerly Wester Pitcorthie) at NO497038. It was probably at or near this stone that a full court of Fife and Fothrif was held in 1266 (see CBE Introduction, Lords and Marches).

OS Pathf. Pitcorthie House and Pitcorthie Home Farm occupy the lands of Wester Pitcorthie. The change from Wester Pitcorthie to Pitcorthie seems to have taken place in the late eighteenth or early nineteenth century, and for this reason alone the above NGR is for Pitcorthie House. It should not be assumed that this was an original centre of the estate.

‘The water of Kethok’ (aqua de Kethok), named in 1368 as the march between the lands of Balcarres KCQ on the one hand and Wester Pitcorthie (now Pitcorthie House and Pitcorthie Home Farm) on the other, is discussed under Kethok # in Section 1, Linear Features, above.

The substitution of Bal- for Pit- on Roy and Ainslie probably reflects confusion by the map-makers of these two common place-name elements, caused by the many nearby Bal-names (Balcormo CBE to north-east, Balbuthie KCQ to south-east, Balcarres KCQ to west and Balmakin to north-west).

The standing stone which gives the place its name is described in NMRS, NO30SE 14. It bears cup-marked carving, and is surrounded by a circle of nine boulders, placed about 1ft from the base. In the winter of 1852–3, the farmer at Easter Pitcorthie found ashes and a few small fragments of bone beneath the stone, having excavated under it (ibid.).

/pɪtˈkɔrθɪ/

This place-name appeared in printed volume 3