Kellie

Kellie CBE PS NO519052 1 374 60m SOF

Malmure thein de Chellin 1145 x 1153 David I Chrs. no. 165 [‘Maolmhuire thane of Kellie’, one of those who perambulates half of *Balgally CBE]
in sira de Chellin 1145 x 1153 David I Chrs. no. 165
ecclesiam de Kellin 1157 x 1160 RRS i no. 157 [= Dunf. Reg. no. 40; the church of Kellie granted to Dunfermline Abbey by Malcolm IV]
in sire de Challin 1153 x 1162 RRS i no. 168 [14th c. copy; ‘in shire of Kellie’]
in sire de Callin 1153 x 1162 RRS i no. 168 [15th c. copy; ‘in shire of Kellie’]
ecclesiam de Kellin 1165 x 1168 RRS ii no. 30 [= Dunf. Reg. no. 50]
Kellin 1165 x 1171 RRS ii no. 107 [= Dunf. Reg. no. 61; King William confirms to Dunfermline Abbey the whole teind of his revenues from Kinghorn and Kellie in wheat, malt and oats]
schira de Kellyn 1166 x 1171 RRS ii no. 8 [to May priory, common pasture in Kellie-shire]
de mora de Kellin 1189 x 1195 RRS ii no. 286 [o.c., common pasture on the Muir of Kellie]
in Kellin Shire 1189 x 1195 RRS ii no. 286 [o.c.; half a carucate of land in Kellie-shire]
ad molendinum meum de Kellin 1189 x 1195 RRS ii no. 286 [o.c.; see Kellie Mill, below]
ad molendinum meum de Kellin 1195 x 1198 RRS ii no. 402 [see Kellie Mill]
Brici<us> persona de Kellin 1198 x 1199 St A. Lib. 319
de vasto eius de Kellin 1215 x 1222 May Recs. no. 19 [RRS Handlist/Alexander II no. 16; see Lingo CBE, below]
in territorio de Kellin 1223 SAUL, MS Dep 121 o/s23 A [o.c.; = RRS Handlist/ Alexander II no. 76]
in territorio de Kellin 1223 SAUL, MS Dep 121 o/s23 B [o.c.; = RRS Handlist/ Alexander II no. 75]
ecclesia de Kellyn c.1250 St A. Lib. 33
de mora de Kellyne 1282 Hist. MSS. Comm. 5th Report, 624, no. 4 [see Cassingray CBE]
in Kellynscyre 1282 Hist. MSS. Comm. 5th Report, 624, no. 4
molendinum de Kellyn 1282 Hist. MSS. Comm. 5th Report, 624, no. 4 [see Kellie Mill, below]
in tenemento de Kellie 1306 x 1329 RMS i app. 2 no. 495 B [17th c. index; to John Duddingston the lands of Pitcorthie ‘in the holding of Kellie’, which Richard Siward (Syward) has resigned]
de baronia de Kellie 1329 x 71 RMS i app. 2 no. 1372 A [16th c. index; the B index (17th c.) expands ‘To Walter Oliphant of the baronie of Kellie ... by resignation of Helen Maxwell, daughter and heir of Richard Siward knight’]
(vicar of the parish church of) Kelli 1428 CSSR ii, 192 [John Days perpetual vicar of the parish church of Carnbee (Carnbee) or Kellie (Kelli); see CBE Introduction, An Irregular Priest]
the landis callit the comon and star of Kelle 1472 ADA 18 [see discussion]
(barony of) Kelly 1511 RMS ii no. 3590 [to John Oliphant of Kellie (Kelly); for full definition, see discussion]
(lands and barony of) Kelly 1542 RMS iii no. 2798 [defined]
(lands and barony of) Kellie 1560 Retours (Fife) no. 43 [defined, including the mill of Pitkierie (Pitkirrie) KRY]
Kelliestoun 1560 Retours (Fife) no. 43 [see discussion]
(barony of) Kellie c.1560 s Purves 153 [£20]
(lands and barony of) Kelly 1604 Retours (Fife) no. 146 [Laurence, son of Laurence Oliphant]
(lands and barony of) Kellie 1634 Retours (Fife) no. 504 [Thomas Fenton]
Over Kellie 1604 Retours (Fife) no. 504
(barony of) Kellie 1607 NLS Adv. MS 34.6.24 [transcript of 1710; Laurence lord Oliphant and Lilias Drummond infeft in the barony of Kellie]
terras et baroniam de Kellie 1613 RMS vii no. 883 [king grants to Thomas sheriff of Fenton, lord of Dirleton ELO, lands and barony of Kellie (defined, including Arncroach (Auchincroch) CBE), resigned by Laurence lord Oliphant]
Kelly C<astle> 1642 Gordon MS Fife [marked Kelly Blaeu (Gordon) Fife]
Kelly cotton 1642 Gordon MS Fife
(lands and barony of) Kellye 1643 Retours (Fife) no. 642
Kylty 1654 Blaeu (Pont) East Fife
Kelly 1654 Blaeu (Gordon) Fife
Kelly Cottoun 1654 Blaeu (Gordon) Fife
Kellie 1684 Adair/East Fife [Kelloe later corrected in darker ink to Kellie]
Kelly 1753 Roy sheet 18, 1
Up. Kelly 1753 Roy sheet 18, 1
Kelly Place 1775 Ainslie/Fife [‘E<arl> of Kelly’]
E Kelly 1775 Ainslie/Fife
W Kelly 1775 Ainslie/Fife [and nearby Mains presumably for *Mains of Kelly]
Kellymire 1775 Ainslie/Fife
Upper Kelly 1775 Ainslie/Fife [near Gillingshill]
Earl of Kellie 1790s OSA, 109
Kellie Castle 1828 SGF
Upper Kellie 1828 SGF [near Gillingshill]
Kellie Castle 1855 OS 6 inch 1st edn
Kellie Colliery 1855 OS 6 inch 1st edn
Easter Kellie 1855 OS 6 inch 1st edn
Over Kellie 1855 OS 6 inch 1st edn
Wester Kellie 1855 OS 6 inch 1st edn

Pictish * celli or G coille + – in

‘Place in or by a wood’. The first (stressed) vowel is consistently e, which suggests that the underlying word is not G coille (Old Irish caill) ‘a wood’ but a Pictish word closer to the related Welsh celli, with the same meaning. The original place referred to is probably at or near the site of the later Kellie Castle. For the change of the parish-name from Kellie to Carnbee, see CBE Introduction, above. Another early name in the parish referring to woodland is Kethok # Burn, mentioned once, in 1368, as ‘aqua de Kethok’ (q.v. Section 1, Linear Features, above), the old name for OS Pathf. Den Burn, which forms part of the south-western boundary of the parish. It likely derives from Pictish * cēt ‘wood’, with suffix,[84] meaning something like ‘wood-burn, burn that flows through woodland’. Both these names indicate tree-cover in at least two parts of the parish (the Den Burn lies some three km from Kellie Castle). If Kellie is also Pictish, it is not clear what, if any, semantic difference there may have been between *celli and *cēt.

The second syllable is the standard loc. suffix –in, which is regularly reduced to –ie/y around 1300. Its presence has obscured any possible unstressed second vowel in the first element.

The 1282 entries above come from the following passage: ‘Alexander III to Nicholas de Hay, part of the land of Cassingray with common pasture from the muir of Kelli, as much forinsec service as belongs to this much land in Kellieshire (quantum pertinet ad tantam terram), and free of multure to the mill of Kellie (Kellyn) (but his men must pay multures); all this on the resignation of Ada of Cassingray (Eda de Glasgyngrey), one of the heirs portioners of the deceased William of Cassingray (Glasgyngrey); in Kellieshire.’

The 1472 entry, ‘the comon and star of Kelle’, contains Sc noun star(e) ‘sedge, bent or other coarse grass’ or ‘? land covered with sedges, etc.; marshy ground’; also attributively with myr’ (DOST), which, along with the above-mentioned ‘comon & star of Kelle’, gives the following examples: ‘Owtour the flude ... scho brocht baith prophetes and man And furth thame set amyd the fowl glar, Amang the fawch ryspys harsk and star’ (Doug. vi vi, 68); and (attributively): ‘Fra thyne ... ascendan ... to ane brig in ane myr callit the brig of the stare myr’ (1549 Prot. Bk. J. Cristisone, 101).

The feature in question may be the ground shown as Kellymire on Ainslie/Fife (1775), apparently on the south-east side of OS Pathf. Pepper Knowe. This would appear to be the only occurrence of this name.[85]

RMS ii no. 3590 (1511) defined the lands and barony of Kellie in a grant to John Oliphant of Kellie as follows: ‘the place and mains lands’ (locum et terras dominicales) of Kellie (K<elly>), Over Kellie (Over-Kelly), Kellieside (Kellyside), Baldutho (Balldutho) CBE, Belliston (Bellistoun) CBE, Kellie Mills (Kelly-millis), Arncroach (Arncroich) CBE and the Greenside (le Grenesyde) CBE, with the superiority of the lands of Easter Pitcorthie (Estir-Petcorthy) CBE,[86] with the outsets (owtsettis), tenants etc.; and the lands of Pitkierie (Petkery) KRY. Similar definitions occur also in RMS iii no. 2798 (1542), Retours no. 43 (1560), and RMS vi no. 1841. In 1613 a new cluster of names appears in the barony, consisting of a third part of the lands of Greenside CBE, Paikishoill and Cowishoill[87] (RMS vii no. 883). The barony also includes lands in Pitkierie KRY, outside modern CBE. An otherwise unattested *Kellieston (Kelliestoun) appears in 1560 in Retours (Fife) no. 43, and is described as being in the barony of Kellie. It probably refers to the nucleus of the agricultural settlement on the lands of Kellie.

Kellie Castle, which dates mostly from the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, supplies the above NGR. OS Pathf. also shows Over Kellie, Wester Kellie, Easter Kellie, Kellie Law and Kellie Mill.

Early forms of Kellie Law and Kellieside # are not included in the above list, and only the earliest forms of Kellie Mill are listed: all these can be found under their respective head-names, below.

/ˈkɛlɪ/

This place-name appeared in printed volume 3