Falside

Falside CBE S NO543053 1 374 50m SEF

Fausside c.1260 s May Recs. no. 57, p. cxiv [the description of a now lost charter; see discussion below]
Fawsyd 1323 Dunf. Reg. no. 364 [settlement anent teinds; for context, see Tarbreakes SMS, below]
Fauside 1452 x 1480 RMS ii no. 1444 [Pittenweem Priory lands, listed before Lingo (Lyngow) CBE and Pitottar (Pettotyr) ANR]
Fausyde 1526 RMS iii no. 388 [... Fausyde, Lingo ...]
Falside 1541 RMS iii no. 2292 [... Falside, Lingo ...]
Falsyde 1546 APS ii, 475 [‘the landis of Falsyde haldin of the priour of Pettinveme and his convent’]
Fawsyde 1591 NAS C.2.38 part i, no. 142 [forming the northern limit of the muir of Grangemuir ANR; this reference is to the MS of RMS v no. 1938, parts of which do not appear in the printed edition]
villam et terras de Falsyd 1635 RMS ix no. 463
Fawside 1604 Retours (Fife) no. 143 [in the barony of Pittenweem]
terris de Fausyde 1647 Retours (Fife) no. 728 [in the lordship or barony of Pittenweem, and united in the barony of Balcaskie CBE]
Fosyd 1654 Blaeu (Pont) East Fife
Falsyde 1642 Gordon MS Fife
Falssyde 1654 Blaeu (Gordon) Fife
Fawsyde 1667 RMS xi no. 1121 [‘the moor lying between the lands of Grangemuire Easter <ANR> on the east, Pittoter <ANR> on the west, Fawsyde on the north, and the arable lands of Grangemuire <ANR> on the south’]
Fallside 1684 Adair/East Fife
Fawside 1753 Roy sheet 19, 5
Fallside 1775 Ainslie/Fife
Falside 1855 OS 6 inch 1st edn

Sc faw + Sc side

‘Variegated or striped hill-side’. There are several places of this name in Scotland, including Falside KBS (q.v.). Ralph of Lascelles (Radulphus de Lascele, fl. 1260s)[78] quitclaimed (i.e. gave up any right he had in) the ‘land of Falside’ (terra de Fausside) in favour of May Priory (May Recs. no. 57, p. cxiv). This reference comes from a description of a lost charter found in the Rotulus Cartarum et Munimentorum Scocie, an index or tabula of charters of the Priory of May made for the Abbot of Reading in the year 1307 (May Recs. lxv).

The intrusive l, found with increasing frequency from the sixteenth century onwards, and part of the modern form of the name, is a Sc orthographic convention for representing long, back vowels (a, o, u), based on words in which a historical l has been vocalised with compensatory lengthening (e.g. Sc saut from earlier salt, or fou from earlier full). As with the l in Falkirk (which contains the same element), it was traditionally never sounded as l.

/ˈfɔ:said/[79]

This place-name appeared in printed volume 3