Balmonth

Balmonth CBE S NO539070 1 374 90m SEF

Balmonethe 1289 x 1308 CDS ii no. 1870 [Ralph son of Sir Ralph of Lascelles, who holds the land of Balmonth in Fife of the earl of Buchan, is held to be an ‘idiot’ and Earl John (Comyn) of Buchan asks the king for this wardship; see also Young 1993, 196, who does not identify Balmonethe][62]
terris de Balmonthe 1360 x 1365 RMS i app. 2, no. 1401 A [16th c. index; charter of Master Thomas Gordon (Gordoun)]
lands of Ballmonth 1360 x 1365 RMS i app. 2, no. 1401 B [17th c. index; charter by William lord Gordon (Gordoun) to his sons Alexander and Thomas of the lands of Balmonth]
totam terram de Balmonthe occidentalem 1369 RMS i no. 341 [John of Gordon (de Gordona) resigns in favour of William earl of Douglas ‘all the west land of Balmonth’]
terra de Balmonthe 1370 RMS i no. 352 [see discussion, below]
(Andrew Ramsay of) Balmonth 1484 RMS ii no. 1584 [lord portioner of Burnturk KTT]
Balmonthe 1508 RMS ii no. 3234 [John Borthwick of Balhouffie to nephew Alexander, lands of Balhouffie (Balwolsy) CBE, ‘Balmonth otherwise called Gordanshall’ (Balmonthe alias Gordonyshall nuncupat.)]
Balmunth 1513 Crail Register no. 7 [charter of alienation by Robert Ramsay, laird of Balmonth, to William Morton (Myrtone), of an annual rent of ten merks from lands of Balmonth]
(Andrew Ramsay of) Balmonth 1515 Fife Ct. Bk. 22
Balmonth 1517 Fife Ct. Bk. 90 [‘in the hands of the king’ (in manibus regis)]
Balmounts 1517 Fife Ct. Bk. 397 [17th c. copy; Taxt roll of Fife, £4]
Balmontht 1520 Fife Ct. Bk. 185
Balmonth c.1560 s Purves 153 [£3]
Balmont 1596 Retours (Fife) no. 1526 [Alexander Ramsay of Balmonth, father of Robert]
Balmonthe 1607 Retours (Fife) no. 188 [Robert Ramsay of Balmonth]
Robert Scott of Balmonth 1642 Retours (Fife) no. 630
Balmonthe 1642 Retours (Fife) no. 630 [Robert Scott of Balmonth (Balmonth) ... in the lands of Balmonth with pasture for 100 cattle and oxen, and 300 sheep ‘on the bounds of Crail Muir’ (‘super bondas morae de Craill’)]
Baalmonth 1642 Gordon MS Fife [also shows Balmonth Cotton]
terris de Balmonthe-Wester alias Gordounshall 1647 Retours (Fife) no. 728 [‘in the lands of Balmonth-Wester alias Gordanshall CBE’]
Balmoth 1654 Blaeu (Pont) East Fife
Balmonth 1654 Blaeu (Gordon) Fife [also shows Balmonth Coton]
(lands of) Balmonth Wester alias Gordoun’s Hall 1665 RMS xi no. 833
Balmount 1684 Adair/East Fife
Mamenth 1753 Roy sheet 19, 5
Balmount 1775 Ainslie/Fife [also Balmount Cottown to the north-west]
Balmonth 1855 OS 6 inch 1st edn
Balmouth 1987 OS Landranger, 1:50,000 [correct Balmonth on OS Pathf.]

G baile + G monadh

‘Muir or hill farm’. The pastoral importance of the place, expressed in the element monadh ‘hill, rough grazing, muir’, is still evident in a charter of 1370, whereby David II grants to Alexander of Menteith common pasture for 100 cattle and 300 sheep within ‘our muirs of Crail’ (moras nostras de Carale i.e. the Kingsmuir), going out from the land of Balmonth (RMS i no. 352). Gordanshall (q.v.), which later became closely associated with Balhouffie CBE, was formerly Wester Balmonth.

/bəlˈmʌnθ/[63]

This place-name appeared in printed volume 3