Balgally

Balgally * CBE S NO5307 2

dimidi<um> de Balegalin 1145 x 1153 David I Chrs. no. 165 [rubric; = May Recs. no. 3]
dimidium Balegallin 1145 x 1153 David I Chrs. no. 165 [King David I grants half of Balgally to May Priory]
decimas de Ballgally 1145 x 1178 St A. Lib. 392 [rubric]
decimas de Balgallin 1145 x 1178 St A. Lib. 392 [Abbot Geoffrey of Dunfermline rents to May Priory the teinds of Balgally for 10 s. per annum; this deal probably made about the same time as David I’s grant, so likely date is 1145 x 1153, therefore Geoffrey I (1128–54), rather than Geoffrey II (1154–78)]
dimidium de Balegallin 1166 x 1171 RRS ii no. 8 [= May Recs. 12; William confirms David’s grant of one half of *Balgally, and adds the remaining half of that vill (reliquam partem eiusdem uille)]
terram de Balegallin 1166 x 1171 RRS ii no. 109 [= PSAS 90, 72 no. 47; further royal confirmation to May Priory; tentative editorial identification with Boglily KGH can be ignored]
de duabus Bal<g>alliis 1323 Dunf. Reg. no. 364 [the printed version has Bal.alliis, suggesting perhaps an illegible letter; abbot of Dunfermline grants to May ‘all the teinds of Pitottar ANR, of Falside CBE, of Tarbreakes SMS and of the two Balgallys CBE’; see Tarbreakes SMS for discussion]

G baile + G gall + G – in

‘(Place of the) farm of foreigner(s)’? For discussion of the word gall, see Elements Glossary PNF 5. In c.1150 David I gave to the Isle of May Priory half of Balegallin, along with common pasture in the shires of Kellie and Crail (David I Chrs. no. 165). It lay in the shire of Kellie, i.e. the parish of Carnbee, and given that it was granted rights to common grazing in CRA it probably lay near CBE’s march with CRA (hence the approximate NGR given above). There are various strong indications that it lay in Kellie-shire, rather than Crail, not only because Maolmhuire the thane of Kellie is one of those who perambulate the marches for the king, but also because Balgally’s teinds were payable to the abbot of Dunfermline (St A. Lib. 392–3 and Dunf. Reg. no. 364), whose monastery owned the church of Kellie (RRS i no. 157).[55]

In CRA, very near the north-east boundary of CBE, is a place called Gaston. This first appears in 1278 as Galliston (Balm. Lib. nos. 42, 43), when one William of Gaston resigns the neighbouring estate of Drumrack to Sir John de Hay. It is tempting to see this name as a part-anglicisation of *Balgally, and I suggested as much in a note on Ballegallin in Taylor 1995a, 158. Several things have come to light since that note which make this hypothesis less tenable, including the 1323 reference to the two Balgallys (Dunf. Reg. no. 364), indicating the survival both of the name and of the two parts of *Balgally within Dunfermline Abbey’s lands of Kellie-shire much later than hitherto thought.[56]

This place-name appeared in printed volume 3