Radernie

Radernie CMN SSL S NO468999 1 374 190m NEF

apud Raderuny 1329 ER i, 138 [‘110 wedders from the stock of the bishop of St Andrews at Radernie’ (vxx x multonibus de stauro episcopi Sancti Andree apud Raderuny)]
de manerio de Raderny 1329 ER i, 139 [10 bolls of oats received ‘from the manor of Radernie’]
apud Radernay 1329 ER i, 147 [‘99 wedders from the stock’ (iiiixx xix multonibus de instauro) of the bishop of St Andrews at Radernie]
(William of) Raderny 1419 SAUL SL 110/6/15
( 10 acres of land of) <R>aderny 1359 x 1458 RMS ii no. 610 [printed Baderny]
Raderny 1452 x 1480 RMS ii no. 1444 [St Andrews Church land]
Grein Syke of Laderny 1586 St A. Kirk Sess. 578 [alleged rape by mysterious horseman there; this probably corresponds to Greensleet 1775 Ainslie/Fife, Green Sleek 1800 Cameron Parish Papers and Greensleek 1827 Ainslie/East Fife, south of Nether Radernie, at c. NO459102]
Laderne 1587 Assumption, 13 [listed in the rental of the teind sheaves of the St Andrews Priory, within the parish of St Andrews (the Trinity); leased for 8 bolls bere, 3 chalders 3 bolls oats]
(a quarter of lands and vill of) Raderny 1555 x 1613 RMS vii no. 921 [which Mariota Learmonth (Leirmonth) mother of Archbishop John (Hamilton 1546–71) and John himself had occupied, feued by John to the Duddingston family]
Radernie 1642 Retours (Fife) no. 614 [Helen Duddingston (Dudingstoun), wife of David Balfour, a quarter of the toun and lands of Radernie]
Radernie 1643 Retours (Fife) no. 647 [Andrew Bruce of Earlshall, half of a quarter of the toun and lands of Radernie ... with coals and coal-mines, lime and stone]
Lakerney 1654 Blaeu (Pont) East Fife
N. Laderny 1654 Blaeu (Gordon) Fife
O. Laderny 1654 Blaeu (Gordon) Fife
Over Raderny 1666 Retours (Fife) no. 1000
Lederney 1753 Roy sheet 18, 1 [also Newlederney a little to the north]
Nether Radernie 1775 Ainslie/Fife
New Radernie 1775 Ainslie/Fife [= OS Pathf. Easter Radernie]
Upper Radernie 1775 Ainslie/Fife
Braeside of Radernie 1783 Sasines no. 462
Easter Radernie 1783 Sasines no. 462 [‘part of Easter Radernie called King of the Muirs’]
Radernie 1800 Cameron Parish Papers [‘six houses’]
Harrowers Radernie 1800 Cameron Parish Papers
West Moors of Radernie 1800 Cameron Parish Papers
Radernie Stone Park 1800 Cameron Parish Papers
Nether Radernie 1800 Cameron Parish Papers
(quarter of) Raderny 1820 Sasines no. 13012 [‘a quarter of Radernie with pendicles called Constable Crook, Karinnie (Larennie CMN) and Braeside’]
Nether Radernie 1827 Ainslie/East Fife
Upper Radernie 1827 Ainslie/East Fife
Lower Radernie 1828 SGF [= OS Pathf. Nether Radernie]
Upper Radernie 1828 SGF [= OS Pathf. South Radernie]
Radernie 1855 OS 6 inch 1st edn [= OS Pathf. Wester Radernie, NO454106]
Nether Radernie 1855 OS 6 inch 1st edn [NO458105]
Easter Radernie 1855 OS 6 inch 1st edn [NO472107]
Westfield of Radernie 1855 OS 6 inch 1st edn [= OS Pathf. Peat Inn, NO451097]
South Radernie 1969 x 1996 OS 1:1000 1st Metric Edition [formerly Upper Radernie]

G ràth + ? G àirneach or + ? G feàrnach or + ? G Èirinn + – in or + ? G Èireannach

‘Ring-fort, fortified residence where sloes (G àirne) or alders (G feàrna) grow (abundantly)’? Given its upland position, on the stretch of land known as the Riggin o Fife, there are few damp spots where alders might grow, so, if the second element refers to vegetation, it is more likely to represent sloes. Watson states that àirneach is the second element in Balerno MLO (Balhernoch 1280, Balernaugh 1283; see also Dixon 1947, 174); also in a place called Ballernach, which he places in ‘Nevar, Forfarshire’ i.e. Navar (in Lethnot and Navar parish) ANG.[48] He also suggests that Balernock, Rhu DNB contains this element, although it is much more likely that this contains the personal name Ernoc (duas Buthernockis 1239 Lenn. Cart. 30). Finally Watson cites Airneachan, Co. Cavan, as an Irish example of this same ‘sloe’ element (1926, 143).

I have previously suggested in print (Taylor 1995a, 149) that the second element of Radernie might possibly derive from G Èirinn ‘Ireland’ (older Èire, gen. Èireann), in the light of other ràth-names in east Fife which may contain people- or territory-names, such as Ramornie KTT (Morgans), Rathillet KLM (Ulster), Rumgally KMB (sons of foreigners) and Rummond SSL (Manau). If this is the case, then it derives either from ràth Èireann, ràth of Ireland’, with suffix, probably the common locational –in suffix; or from ràth Èireannach ‘Irish ràth’. This may then be compared with Rottearns, Ardoch PER (Raterne 1466 RMS ii), which Watson (1926, 227) derives from ràth Èireann, a derivation disputed by MacDonald (1982, 54–6).

The lands of Radernie occupy a roughly rectangular area to the south of Cameron Reservoir about two km from east to west and between one and one and a half km north to south. However, it is clear from Sasines no. 13012 that they formerly included Larennie and Braeside, and so occupied the whole south-west corner of the parish. The OS Pathf. village of Peat Inn was formerly called Westfield of Radernie (see Peat Inn, above).

The affixes distinguishing the different divisions of Radernie have undergone several changes over the centuries. These are discussed under their separate head-names, viz Easter Radernie (formerly New Radernie), Nether Radernie, South Radernie (formerly Upper Radernie), and Wester Radernie (formerly Radernie). All these are OS Pathf. names.

The NGR given above is for the settlement named Radernie on OS 6 inch 1st edn, beside OS Pathf. South Radernie, and a little north of the position of the OS Pathf. area-name Radernie. This is the most likely historic centre of the lands. The other possibility is OS Pathf. Wester Radernie, earlier Radernie. However, this is not named on maps earlier than OS 6 inch 1st edn (1855).

NMRS does not show any sign of an enclosure or similar which might indicate a ràth anywhere within the extended lands of Radernie.

/raˈdɛrnɪ/ or /rəˈdɛrnɪ/

This place-name appeared in printed volume 3