Spittal MAI S NT297976 1 50m
? Spiteland c 1290 Fraser, Wemyss no. 2 [see discussion]
Ennerlochty alias Spittale 1511 RMS ii no. 3567 [‘*Inverlochty alias Spittal’]
Hospital 1517 Fife Ct. Bk. 398 [17th c. copy; 1 of pertinents of Balgonie MAI]
Hospitall c.1560 s Purves 155 [‘Balgony, Miltoun Hospitall with pertinents’]
Spitill 1587 Assumption 15 [see Balgonie MAI]
Innerlochtie alias Spittal 1603 Retours (Fife) no. 129 [Robert Lundy of Balgonie (Balgony), ‘*Inverlochty alias Spittal’]
Innerlochtie alias Spittell 1627 Retours (Fife) no. 384 [Robert Lundy of Balgonie (Balgony)]
Inverlochtie alias Spittell 1627 RMS viii no. 1058 [‘*Inverlochty alias Spittal’]
Spittell 1635 RMS ix no. 338 [to Alexander Leslie of Balgonie; see Markinchlaw # MAI]
Spittill 1675 Retours (Fife) no. 1142 [see Markinchlaw # MAI]
Spittle 1775 Ainslie/Fife [also shows Spittle Cotts]
‘Hospital’, for the care both of the infirm and of travellers, especially pilgrims; in this case, no doubt, mainly pilgrims on their way to and from St Andrews. Although the name as such does not appear in the record until the early sixteenth century, Spiteland (i.e. land attached to a hospital) is one of the features on a late thirteenth-century boundary of the lands of Cameron MAI (Fraser, Wemyss ii no. 2), the eponymous spittal of which could well be Spittal MAI.
Its alias *Inverlochty is a G name containing G inbhir ‘burn- or river-mouth’ and the burn-name Lochty, for which see PNF 1, Section 1 (Linear Features). The lands of Spittal are formed by the confluence of the Lochty Burn with the River Ore.
OS Pathf. shows Spittal Farm, which supplies the above NGR. This would appear to be the site of Spittle on Ainslie/Fife, although it is shown as Thornton on SGF (1828) and as Thornton Farm on OS 6 inch (1856). Thornton appears to have completely eclipsed the name Spittal for a time. See Thornton MAI, below, for more details.
For other Fife Spittal-names, see Hospital Mill CLT and *Spittal CLT, above, and Spittal ADN (PNF 1).
This place-name appeared in printed volume 2