Bighty MAI S NO290008 1 70m
Bychty 1511 RMS ii no. 3642 [Henry Wardlaw of Torry TOB; in the lordship of Dalginch; see KWY Introduction, above]
Bichty 1512 RMS ii no. 3738
Bychty 1556 NAS RH2/1/23/3 no. 59 [John Multrar infefts Isobell Mauchan (Mauchane) in life-rent in the lands of Bighty in the barony of Dalginch (Dalginche)]
Bythlie with mill 1587 Assumption 15
Bichtie 1609 Retours (Fife) no. 205 [Henry Multrar (Moultray) of Seafield (Seyfield)]
Bightie 1652 Lamont’s Diary 47 [Robert Borthwick sold Bighty to Walter Multrar (Mutray) of Markinch]
? Bichir heth 1654 Blaeu (Pont) West Fife [shown on south side of River Leven]
Bighty 1654 Blaeu (Gordon) Fife
Bightie 1665 Retours (Fife) no. 978 [James Law of Brunton (Bruntoun) MAI]
Bightie 1684 Adair/East Fife
Bightie 1685 NAS GD26/3/950
Bighvie 1694 Retours (Fife) no. 1355 [James Law of Brunton (Bruntoune) MAI, q.v.]
Bigthy 1753 Roy sheet 18, 1
Beighty 1775 Ainslie/Fife
Bighty 1799 Sasines no. 5328
Bighty 1828 SGF
Bighty 1856 OS 6 inch 1st edn
In the absence of very early forms of both this place and of Bighty KWY, c.7 km to the north-east, the etymology of this name must remain a puzzle. However, it may be connected with Sc bicht ‘bend, loop’.
A small farm now under Glenrothes New Town, on the Bighty Burn, it is marked as such on OS 6 inch map (1856), whence the above NGR. In this area lie the modern streets Bighty Road, Bighty Crescent and Bighty Avenue. Bightymuir Wood, marked on OS Pathf. NO28 00, lies c.1 km to the south-west, where OS 6 inch (1856) shows Bighty Muir (centred on NO284005).
The traditional pronunciation is /ˈbɪxtɪ/, but in the local street-names Bighty Avenue, Bighty Road and Bighty Crescent (Woodside, Glenrothes) the pronunciation /ˈbaitɪ/ is now chiefly used.
This place-name appeared in printed volume 2