Lathrisk

Lathrisk KTT PS NO272084 2 40m

ecclesia de Losresc 1173 x 1178 St A. Lib. 254 [rubric],
ecclesiam de Losresch 1173 x 1178 St A. Lib. 254 [to St Andrews Cathedral Priory, with lands and chapels; granted by Ness son of William]
(church of) Loseresch 1173 x 1178 RRS ii no. 150 [= St A. Lib. 224; confirms the grant of Ness (see preceding entry), with chapels, lands, teinds etc.]
(church of) Losresch 1173 x 1178 St A. Lib. 136 [with chapels; Bp Richard]
(church of) Losseresch 1173 x 1178 St A. Lib. 81 [papal confirmation; with its chapels Fordin and Kettle (Fordim et Catel)]
(church of) Loschiresch 1183 St A. Lib. 59 [with the chapels belonging to it, viz Kettle and Fordin (Cathel et Fordin)]
(church of) Losresch 1187 St A. Lib. 63
(church of Losserescht 1189 x 1198 St A. Lib. 152 [with chapels; Bp Roger confirms gift of Ness]
(church of) Losresc 1222 x 1235 St A. Lib. 156 [with chapel of Kettle (Katel); see KTT Introduction]
(church of) Losresch 1206 St A. Lib. 73
(church of) Losseresc 1227 St A. Lib. 235 [with lands etc but no chapels]
(parish of) Losresch 1240 x 1253 St A. Lib. 328
(church of) Losceresch 1243 St A. Lib. 348
(church of) Losresk c.1250 St A. Lib. 33 [with chapel]
(church of) Loskeresk c.1250 St A. Lib. 37
(church of) Loscresch c.1250 Dunf. Reg. no. 313 [with chapel]
(church of) Loscresk c.1250 Arb. Lib. i, no. 299 [with chapel]
(church of) Losresc 1257 St A. Lib. 336 [with chapel of Kettle (Katel)]
(church of) Lostelresk 1275 Bagimond’s Roll, p. 38
vicarius de Loscrist 1276 Bagimond’s Roll, p. 61
William de Laskeresk’ 1296 Inst. Pub. 144
(church of) Lothreik c.1420 St A. Lib. 413
(church of) Lothreskey 1471 RMS ii no. 1039 [with chapel of Kettle (Catell)]
Ale andri Lothrisk 1478 x 1484 RMS ii no. 1580 [‘of that ilk’ (de eodem)]
de terris de Westir-Lothrisk 1478 x 1484 RMS ii no. 1580 [annual rent of ?20 from these lands]
apud Lothrisk 1478 x 1484 RMS ii no. 1580
terras de Estirlauthreisk 1486 RMS ii no. 1647
(barony of) L<authreisk> 1486 RMS ii no. 1647 [king to his shield-bearer, William Simpson (Simson) of Lathrisk (Lauthreisk), ‘the lands of Easter Lathrisk and *Moncoutie Mire KTT’ (terras de Estirlauthreisk et Moncowtiemyre) in the barony of Lathrisk]
Louthreisk 1495 RMS ii no. 2243 [king to John Seton and Janet Lathrisk (Louthreisk), the lands of Wester Lathrisk (occidentali Louthreisk) Cuthlands # KTT and Darnoe (Dernok) FAL, the lands of Orkie (Orky) KTT with their mill, and a fourth of the lands of Easter Lathrisk (orientali Louthreisk)]
terras de occidentali Louthreisk 1495 RMS ii no. 2243 [see preceding]
terrarum de orientali Louthreisk 1495 RMS ii no. 2243 [see above]
Johanni Setoun de Lauthreisk 1511 RMS ii no. 3615 [‘to John Seton of Lathrisk’]
(barony of) Westir Lauthreisk 1511 RMS ii no. 3615 [‘lands of *Fairlieslands KTT and the Riggs KTT’ (terras de Fareleis-landis et le Riggis) united to the barony of Wester Lathrisk]
Lawthresk 1511 Crail Register no. 1 [William Morton (Myrtone), [129] vicar of Lathrisk]
dominium de Lauthreisk 1512 RMS ii no. 3685 [see Riggs KTT]
Estir Lathrisk 1517 RMS iii no. 148 [see Easter Lathrisk KTT]
in dominio de Lauthreisk 1533 RMS iii no. 1294 [see Riggs KTT]
Lauthrisk 1538 RMS iii no. 1803 [John Seton of Lathrisk]
in dominio de Wester-Lauthrisk 1538 RMS iii no. 1803 [lands of *Fairlieslands (Fairleis-landis) KTT in the lordship of Wester Lathrisk]
Estir Laithrisk 1539 RMS iii no. 1988 [George earl of Rothes; 40 s. from the lands of Easter Lathrisk called the Riggs (le Riggis)]
Estir Lauthrisk 1542 RMS iii no. 2824 [see Easter Lathrisk KTT]
Eistir Lauthrisk 1547 RMS iv no. 149 [see Easter Lathrisk and Riggs KTT]
Eister Lathreisk 1551 RMS iv no. 597 [for context see discussion]
Wester Lathreisk 1551 RMS iv no. 597 [for context see discussion]
Wester Lauthreis 1552 RMS iv no. 684 [see Wester Lathrisk KTT]
Easter Lathrisk c.1560 s Purves 155
Wester Lathrisk c.1560 s Purves 155
Eistir Lathrisk 1564 RMS iv no. 1545 [see Easter Lathrisk KTT]
kirk of Lawthrisk 1587 Assumption 14 [teind sheaves of St Andrews Priory]
Lawthrisk Wester 1587 Assumption 14 [teind sheaves of St Andrews Priory]
Lawthrisk Easter 1587 Assumption 14 [teind sheaves of St Andrews Priory]
kirk of Lauthreisk 1587 Assumption 17
(parish church of) Lawthrisk 1590 RMS v no. 1775 [to Patrick, commendator of Lundoris, ‘the ecclesiastical lands of the vicarage of the parish church of Lathrisk, called Bantuscall’ (terras ecclesiasticas vicarie ecclesie parochialis de Lawthrisk nuncupatas Pettuscall)]
(vicarage and parish of) Lauthrisk 1594 RMS vi no. 94 [James lord Lyndsay of Byres, a quarter of the lands of Easter Lathrisk (Estir Lauthrisk) called the *Langflat (the Langflat), and the church lands of the vicarage of Lathrisk called Bantuscall # (Bantuscall) KTT in the parish of Lathrisk ... with the marsh the *Moncoutie Mire (lie Pitcoutiemyre) KTT, which was a pendicle of the lands of Orkie (Orky) KTT ... free holding of Orkie with Orkie as principal messuage]
Eister Lathrisk 1598 RMS vi no. 757 [see Easter Lathrisk KTT]
(half the lands of) Wester Lawthrisk 1598 x 1599 RMS vi no. 895 [with half of the Bowhouse (lie Bowhous) thereof (see Nochnary KTT), and of its meadows, with grazing and woods]
Wester Lawthrisk 1599 RMS vi no. 895 [see Wester Lathrisk KTT]
Eister Lauthrisk 1599 RMS vi no. 895 [see Easter Lathrisk KTT]
(John Seton of) Lauthrisk 1599 RMS vi no. 895
Lauthrisk 1603 RMS vi no. 1458 [‘terras de Rigges in baronia de Lauthrisk’]
(Patrick Seton of) Lawthrisk 1608 RMS vi no. 2028
Eister Lawthrisk 1608 RMS vi no. 2028 [the sunny half of the toun and lands of Eister Lawthrisk and Moncutemyre]
Eister Lawthirsk 1616 RMS vii no. 1392 [sic]
terras ecclesiasticas vicarie de Lawthrisk 1616 RMS vii no. 1392 [called Bantuscall # (Bantuscall) KTT q.v.]
parochia de Lawthirsk 1616 RMS vii no. 1392 [sic]
Lawthrisk 1630 RMS viii no. 1528 [John Seton junior of Lathrisk]
Wester Lawthriske 1630 RMS viii no. 1528
(parish of) Lawthirsk 1648 RMS ix no. 1939
E. Lathrie 1654 Blaeu (Pont) East Fife
W. Lathrie 1654 Blaeu (Pont) East Fife
Lathriss 1654 Blaeu (Gordon) Fife
E. Lathriss 1654 Blaeu (Gordon) Fife
the Laird of Lathrish 1657 Lamont’s Diary 96
Lafrics 1684 Adair/East Fife
Lathrisk 1775 Ainslie/Fife [Alex Cunningham Esqr.; also Lathrisk Mill, both shown in FAL]
Eastertown of Lathrisk 1782 Sasines no. 374
E. Lathrisk 1828 SGF
W. Lathrisk 1828 SGF [also shows Mains nearby, on south-east side]
Lathrisk House 1856 OS 6 inch 1st edn
Easter Lathrisk 1856 OS 6 inch 1st edn

G lios + G riasg

‘Enclosed settlement in fenland or marsh’. This describes exactly the ancient site of Lathrisk, which stands on slightly raised ground completely surrounded by what was once very boggy fen-land. For a discussion of the generic lios see Elements Glossary PNF 5. It is significant that aerial photography has shown up an unusually large complex of at least five high-status, possibly early medieval, buildings averaging 25 m by 9 m situated about 100 m west of the site of the medieval parish church of Lathrisk (see Maxwell 1987, 34; NMRS NO20NE 35). This lios may have generated the name of the adjacent parish to the north, Collessie, ‘at the back of the lios’ (PNF 4).

    Such an important early settlement must be taken in conjunction with the conspicuous Iron Age fort on East Lomond FAL, only 3.5 km to the south-west. Although of standard Early Iron Age construction, there is evidence that this fort was occupied during the historical Pictish period, as, amongst other things, a slab with an incised bull was found within the fort (Feachem 1977, 125). Although more primitive in its design than the Burghead bulls, it certainly belongs to the corpus of Pictish animal carvings.

    The above citations of the name in its early forms and contexts give a good impression of the lands with which Lathrisk (later Easter and Wester Lathrisk) was associated. Further evidence is in RMS iv no. 597 (1551), where the queen grants Wester Lathrisk to John Seton (Seytoun) and his wife. It includes the lands of Wester Lathrisk, Cuthlands # KTT, Darnoe FAL, Jargomyre # FAL and *Fairlieslands KTT. The grant also included Orkie KTT with its mill, and quarter of the lands of Easter Lathrisk, the lands called Linlithgow Lands #, and various rights of common pasture.[130]

    Another charter, RMS vi no. 895 (1599), confirms the sale made on 23 March 1599 by John Seton (Seytoun) of Lathrisk (Lauthrisk), to Barbara Arnott, in life rent, on her marriage to John Seton’s son Patrick, of half the lands of Wester Lathrisk, with half of its vaccary or Bowhous (probably Nochnary KTT) and of its meadows, with pastures and woodlands. On the same day John Seton also sells to his son, Patrick, and his heirs, what is presumably the other half of the lands of Wester Lathrisk, Cuthlands, Darnoe FAL, Jargomyre and *Fairlieslands, with their common pasture, with fortalices, manor-places, his (John Seton’s) half of the toun and lands of Easter Lathrisk and of the lands of *Moncoutie Mire with their common pasture, the lands of Orkie KTT with the mill and the lands called Linlithgow Lands with common pasture, with tenants etc., to be held of the king, and reserving to the said John Seton the free tenement of the said half of Easter *Moncoutie Mire and of half of Wester Lathrisk (as far as *Fairlieslands) ... .[131]

    In 1616 parts of Lathrisk were incorporated into ‘the free tenantry’ (liberam tenandriam) of Orkie KTT and granted to Robert lord Lindsay: ‘the lands of Orkie, with the mill, the mill lands etc., quarter of the lands of Easter Lathrisk called Langflat #, the ecclesiastical lands of the vicarage of Lathrisk called Bantuscall # ... and *Moncoutie Mire’, along with lands furth of KTT (RMS vii no. 1392).[132]

    In 1630 (RMS viii no. 1528) the king granted to John Seton (Seatoune) junior of Lathrisk and his heirs ‘the lands of Wester Lathrisk, Cuthlands #, Darnoe FAL, Jargomyre # FAL, *Fairlieslands KTT, with common pasture, the newly built mill, the mill-lands etc., the towers, the manor-places, and with the pendicles called Peathill and the ‘bowhouse’ called Nochnary; also the lands of Easter Lathrisk and *Moncoutie Mire (Balcuitiemyre) KTT with common grazing and both their halves (one half belonging to Patrick Seton senior of Lathrisk and his predecessores, and the other half acquired from the said Patrick by David Melville of Tough KDT), the lands called Linlithgow Lands and Clagmyre #, with common grazing, tenants etc. in the sheriffdom of Fife.’[133]

    The NGR given above is for the site of the old parish kirk, close to Lathrisk House (NMRS NO20NE 2).

    OS Pathf. shows Lathrisk House, Lathrisk Home Farm and Easter Lathrisk.

    /ləˈθrɪsk/ or /laˈθrɪsk/

This place-name appeared in printed volume 2